The correct option in this case is option (c).
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a law which prohibits discrimination at any stage of employment on the basis of gender, race, sex or religion. It also prohibits discrimination in employment against any member who belongs to a protected class.
The government has limited the application of some statutes for employers who have more than 15 or 20 employees because the government thinks that the organizations having more employees have specialized positions such as HR, corporate government committee etc. for preventing discrimination against employees at workplace.
Smaller companies cannot have such departments and therefore they are generally not kept under the purview of these statutes. However there are some other statutes which impact the companies having less than 15 employees. Some of these Acts are:
1) Fair Labour Standards Act (1938)2) Equal Pay Act of 1963
3) National Labour Relations Act (1935)4) Employee Retirement Income Security Act (1974) , these laws should be applied to all the employers regardless of their size because every employee must be provided the right to seek justice against all types of discriminations. Discriminations related to gender, colour, race and religion is quite prevalent in small companies also and therefore the Acts such as Equal Employment Opportunity Commission must be applicable to all employers.
Below mentioned are the four general types of defences in relation to employment discrimination claims:
• Authentic occupational qualification
• Business necessity
• Evidences of any employee misconduct
• Seniority systems
There is no answer for this question