Quiz 34: Employment Discrimination
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in jobs by the employers against the employees on the basis of religion, gender, age, race and colour at any stage of the employment. This act is only applicable on employers which have more than 15 employees and on labour unions which have at least 15 members. This Act also prohibits employers from advertising any job which is classified as "only for males" or "only for females" unless the employer can prove that the gender is an essential requirement which can affect the performance on the job.
(1) , company T does not violate Title VII of Civil Rights Act because it employs only 10 people and the Act states that only those employers which have fifteen or more employees engaged in interstate commerce activity come under the Title VII of The Civil Rights Act. However, company T could be charged of violating state laws depending on the requirements of that particular state's statute. (2)Even though the film being made by company N in this case is about Africa but still the company cannot advertise only for African Americans because Title VII of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination of employees in recruitment on the basis of gender, colour, race or religion. The advertisement made in this case clearly restricts the employment to African Americans only and therefore it is in clear violation of the law.
Analysis whether there is violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, as amended in the given situations: (a)Title VII only applies to employers who have at least fifteen employees, labor unions operating hiring hails, employment agencies and government entities. In this case, T only has ten employees and is a consulting firm. Thus, it does not fall under any of the categories and there is no violation. (b)In this case, N Films is hiring only Afrcan Americans, that is, their hire is biased towards candidates with a particular national origin - Afrca. However, there will be no violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act as N Films is making a film about Afrca and it is a "business necessity" for Novo to hire Afrcan Americans. As the film is on Afrca, Novo has a compelling reason to hire only Afrcan Americans. Hiring people of other race or national origin will have an adverse impact on its business purpose of making the film on Afrca.
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