Business Law Today Study Set 1

Business

Quiz 14 :

E-Contracts and E-Signatures

Quiz 14 :

E-Contracts and E-Signatures

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CULTURAL DIMENSIONS. What does this case indicate about the status of women?
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This case gives the following points which show the status of women in the contract:
• The case shows the financial immaturity in the women.
• The case also discovered that the women have only a high school knowledge and education.
• The women had no understanding and familiarity about Connecticut weddings and divorce laws.
• The finance of women was parted from another party and they by no means talk over money issues.

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What is a partnering agreement? What purpose does it serve?
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A partnering agreement is a kind of contract amid a buyer and a seller who usually do trade on the conditions and terms that are applied to all those trades or dealings that are directed by electronic means.
Such kinds of contracts decrease the probability of a clash or an argument and offers for the resolution of any argument that does rise.

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Alberto Corelli offers to purchase for $2,500 a painting titled Moonrise from Tara Shelley, an artist whose works have been causing a stir in the art world. Shelley accepts Corelli's offer. Assuming that the contract has met all of the requirements for a valid contract, answer the following questions. Both parties are adults, and the contract is in writing. The contract calls for Shelley to deliver the painting to Corelli's gallery in two weeks. CoreIli has already arranged to sell the painting to a third party for $4,000, for a $1,500 profit, but it must be available for the third party in two weeks or the sale will not go through. Shelley knows this but does not deliver the painting at the time promised. Corelli sues Shelley for $1,500 in damages. Shelley claims that performance was impossible because her mother fell seriously ill and required Shelley's care. Who will win this lawsuit, and why?
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Corelli would win the lawsuit as Shelley was come into agreement with Corelli to deliver the painting at his place for $2500. It was Shelley fault that she cheated Corelli just to get profit of $1500.
Shelley breached the contract as she sold the painting to the third party. Taking care of her mother is her personal issue which is different from the terms and conditions of the contract.

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Alberto Corelli offers to purchase for $2,500 a painting titled Moonrise from Tara Shelley, an artist whose works have been causing a stir in the art world. Shelley accepts Corelli's offer. Assuming that the contract has met all of the requirements for a valid contract, answer the following questions. Both parties are adults, and Shelley, on her Web site, offers to sell the painting for $2,500. CoreIli accepts the offer by clicking an "I accept" box on the computer screen displaying the offer. Among other terms, the online offer includes a forum-selection clause stating that any disputes under the contract are to be resolved by a court in California, the state in which Shelley lives. After Corelli receives the painting, he notices a smear of paint across the lower corner of the painting that was not visible in the digitized image that appeared on Shelley's Web site. CoreIli calls Shelley, tells her about the smear, and says that he wants to cancel the contract and return the painting. When Shelley refuses to cooperate, CoreIli sues her in a Texas state court, seeking to rescind the contract. Shelley claims that any suit against her must be filed in a California court in accordance with the forum-selection clause. Corelli maintains that the forum-selection clause is unconscionable and should not be enforced. What factors will the court consider in deciding this case? What will the court likely decide? Would it matter whether Corelli read the terms of the online offer before clicking "I accept"?
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Online Acceptance. Bob, a sales representative for Central Computer Co., occasionally uses the Internet to obtain information about his customers and to look for new sales leads. While visiting the Web site of Marketing World, Inc, Bob is presented with an on-screen message that offers, "To improve your ability to make deals, read our monthly online magazine, Sales Genius, available at a subscription rate of $15 a month. To subscribe, fill in your name, company name, and e-mail address below, and click YES!' By clicking 'YES!' you agree to the terms of the subscription contract. To read this contract, click TERMS.'" Among those terms is a clause that allows Marketing World to charge interest for subscription hills not paid within a certain time. The terms also prohibit subscribers from copying or distributing part or all of Sales Genius in any form. Bob subscribes without reading the terms. Marketing World later files a suit against Bob, based on his failure to pay for his subscription. Should the court hold that Bob is obligated to pay interest on the amount? Explain.
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E-Contracts and E-Signatures Ted and Betty Hyatt live in California, a state that has extensive statutory protection for consumers. The Hyatts decided to buy a computer so that they could use e-mail to stay in touch with their grandchildren, who live in another state. Over the phone, they ordered a computer from CompuEdge, inc. When the box arrived, it was sealed with a brightly colored sticker warning that the terms enclosed within the box would govern the sale unless the customer returned the computer within thirty days. Among those terms was a clause that required any disputes to be resolved in Tennessee state courts. The Hyatts then signed up for Internet service through CyberTool, an Internet service provider. They downloaded CyberTool's software and clicked on the "quick install" box that allowed them to bypass CyberTool's "Terms of Service" page. It was possible to read this page by scrolling to the next screen, but the Hyatts did not realize this. The terms included a clause that stated all disputes were to be submitted to a Virginia state court. As soon as the Hyatts attempted to e-mail their grandchildren, they experienced problems using CyberTool's e-mail service, which continually stated that the network was busy. They also were unable to receive the photos sent by their grandchildren. Using the information presented in the chapter, answer the following questions. 1. Did the Hyatts accept the list of contract terms included in the computer box? Why or why not? What is the name used for this type of e-contract? 2. What type of agreement did the Hyatts form with CyberTool? 3. Suppose that the Hyatts experienced trouble with the computer's components after they had used the computer for two months. What factors will a court consider in deciding whether to enforce the forum-selection clause? Would a court be likely to enforce the clause in this contract? Why or why not? 4. Are the Hyatts bound by the contract terms specified on CyberTool's "Terms of Service" page that they did not read? Which of the required elements for contract formation might the Hyatts' claim lack? How might a court rule on this issue?
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What was the majority's conclusion on the issue before the court in this case? What was the reasoning to support this conclusion?
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The following multiple-choice question is representative of the types of questions available in one of the four sections of ThomsonNOW for Business Law Today. ThomsonNOW also provides feedback for each response option, whether correct or incorrect, and refers to the location within the chapter where the correct answer can be found. The federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National. Commerce Act (E-SIGN Act) of 2000
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On what points did the dissent disagree with the majority? Why?
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Online Acceptance. Anne is a reporter for Daily Business Journal, a print publication consulted by investors and other businesspersons. She often uses the Internet to perform research for the articles that she writes for the publication. While visiting the Web site of Cyberspace Investments Corp., Anne reads a pop-up window that states, "Our business newsletter, E-Commerce Weekly, is available at a one-year subscription rate of $5 per issue. To subscribe, enter your e-mail address below and click 'SUBSCRIBE.' By subscribing, you agree to the terms of the subscriber's agreement. To read this agreement, click 'AGREEMENT.' " Anne enters her e-mail address, but does not click on "AGREEMENT" to read the terms. Has Anne entered into an enforceable contract to pay for E-Commerce Weekly? Explain. (See page 252.)
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How do shrink-wrap and click-on agreements differ from other contracts? How have traditional laws been applied to these agreements?
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Alberto Corelli offers to purchase for $2,500 a painting titled Moonrise from Tara Shelley, an artist whose works have been causing a stir in the art world. Shelley accepts Corelli's offer. Assuming that the contract has met all of the requirements for a valid contract, answer the following questions. Both parties are adults, the contract is oral, and the painting is still in progress. CoreIli pays Shelley the $2,500 in return for her promise to deliver the painting to his home when it is finished. A week or so later, after Shelley finishes the painting, a visitor to her gallery offers her $3,500 for it. Shelley sells the painting to the visitor and sends CoreIli a signed letter explaining that she is "canceling" their contract for the Moonrise painting. Corelli sues Shelley to enforce the contract. Is the contract enforceable? Explain.
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ETHICS. At David's suggestion, before signing the prenuptial agreement, Victoria consulted an attorney who was an associate of the same law firm as David's sister-in-law. David paid his attorney more than $5,000 for working on the agreement. Victoria sent her attorney, again at David's suggestion, two bottles of wine as compensation. I low do you interpret these circumstances?
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Answers to the even-numbered questions in this For Review section can be found in Appendix F at the end of this text. What is the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act? What are some of the major provisions of this act?
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Alberto Corelli offers to purchase for $2,500 a painting titled Moonrise from Tara Shelley, an artist whose works have been causing a stir in the art world. Shelley accepts Corelli's offer. Assuming that the contract has met all of the requirements for a valid contract, answer the following questions. CoreIli was a minor when he purchased the painting. Is the contract void? Is it voidable? What is the difference between these two concepts? A month after his eighteenth birthday, CoreIli decides that he would rather have the $2,500 than the painting. He informs Shelley that he is disaffirming the contract and requests that Shelley return the $2,500 to him. When Shelley refuses to do so, Corelli brings a court action to recover the $2,500. What will the court likely decide in this situation? Why?
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Browse-Wrap Terms. Ticketrnaster Corp. operates a Web site that allows customers to buy tickets to concerts, ball games, and other events. On the site's home page are instructions and an index to internal pages (one page per.event). Each event page provides basic information (a short description of the event, with the date, time, place, and price) and a description of how to order tickets over'ver the Internet, by tele-phone, by mail, or in person. The home page contains-if a customer scrolls to the bottom-"terms and conditions" that proscribe, among other things, linking to Ticketmaster's internal pages. A customer need not view- these terms to go to an event page. Tickets.Com; Inc., operates a Web site that also publicizes special events. Tickets.Com's site includes links to the internal events pages of Ticketmaster. These links bypass Tickehnaster's borne page. Ticketinaster filed a suit in a federal district court against Tickets.Com, alleging, in part, breach of contract on the ground that Tickets.Com's linking violated Ticketmaster's "terms and conditions." Tickets.Com filed a motion to dismiss. Was Tickets.Com bound by the "terms and conditions" posted on Ticketmaster's home page? Why or why not? How should the court rule on the motion? [Ticketrnaster Corp. v. Tickets.Com, Inc., F.Supp.2d ' (C.D.CaI. 2000)]
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What are some important clauses to include when making offers to form electronic contracts, or e-contracts?
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Alberto Corelli offers to purchase for $2,500 a painting titled Moonrise from Tara Shelley, an artist whose works have been causing a stir in the art world. Shelley accepts Corelli's offer. Assuming that the contract has met all of the requirements for a valid contract, answer the following questions. Both parties are adults, and the contract, which is in writing, states that CoreIli will pay Shelley the $2,500 the following day. In the meantime, Shelley allows CoreIli to take the painting home with him. The next day, Corelli's son returns the painting to Shelley, stating that he is canceling the contract. He explains that his father has been behaving strangely lately, that he seems to be mentally incompetent at times, and that he clearly was not acting rationally when he bought the painting, which he could not afford. Is the contract enforceable? Discuss fully.
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Click-On Agreements. Paul is a financial analyst for King Investments, Inc., a brokerage firm. He uses the Internet to investigate the background and activities of companies that might be good investments for King's customers. While visiting the Web site of Business Research, Inc., Paul sees on his screen a message that reads, "Welcome to businessresearch.com. By visiting our site, you have been entered as a subscriber to our e-publication, Companies Unlimited. This publication will be sent to you daily at a cost of $7.50 per week. An invoice will be included with Companies Unlimited every four weeks. You may cancel your subscription at any time. Has Paul entered into an enforceable contract to pay for Companies Unlimited? Why or why not?
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What is an electronic signature? Are electronic signatures valid?
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