Equity courts give credibility to such general maxims rather than to a hard and fast body of law as to inspire individuals to bring proceedings while the proof was fresh. All the procedures that are registered in the landmark comprises of all the legal principles and rules that are frequently applied by the court of law.
This principle is obligatory for the person who can rationally and considerably relied on the assurances of one more and may be capable to get some recovery measures. This would help one who is making assurance from declaring the lack of a lawful agreement.
Natural law requires the governments and legal systems must reflect the ethical and moral ideals inherited in human nature. The new international crimes, "crimes against humanity", during the Nuremberg trials called for enforcement of international laws which derived their legitimacy from natural law. The international laws criminalized inhumane acts such acts as murder, enslavement, extermination, eviction, etc. against any civilian population.
The universal nature of the natural law made its adherents believe that all other laws have been derived from natural law. The defendants claimed that they had been following the German law and order. The judges dismissed these assertions on the grounds that their acts were actually crimes, and they must know while committing the acts that these would be regarded as criminal.
The natural law had been violated and the defendants were also expected to realize that their acts were insane and against natural law. Merely the "positivist law" of Germany that required them to commit such acts is completely irrelevant. As far as natural law theory is concerned, the defendants guilty of crimes against humanity and the court's decision was justified.
(a)Plaintiff is the one who files the lawsuit while defendant is the one against whom the lawsuit is filed.
The parties in this lawsuit are group of automobile manufacturers and the state of California, where the former is the plaintiff and the latter is the defendant.
(b)Legal remedies award economic compensation (money) to cover up the damage or loss suffered by an individual due to the wrongful act of another. Equitable remedies, on the other hand, involve the judgement by the court ordering the party which has committed wrongful act to do or not to do things that will compensate the damage or loss suffered by the other party.
The group of automobile manufacturers opposes California in enforcement of the law that severely restricts carbon dioxide emissions from automobiles. It does not want such a law to come into existence. Thus, the group is seeking an equitable remedy.
(c)As per the claim of automakers, the federal government had already set standards relating to fuel economy.
Since the federal government has a separately written constitution setting general automobile fuel economy standards, constitutional law is the primary source of law at issue in this case.
(d)California laws can be found in the Pacific Reporter (P., P.2d, or P.3d) unit of the National Reporter System, published by West Group. The Pacific Reporter (P., P.2d, or P.3d) specifically covers California State.
Federal laws, however, can be found in the unofficial publications named:
• West's Federal Supplement (F. Supp. or F.Supp.2d)• West's Federal Reporter (F., F.2d, or F.3d)• West's Bankruptcy Reporter (Bankr.)• United States Reports (U.S.)• West's Supreme Court Reporter (S.Ct)• Lawyers' Edition of the Supreme Court Reports (L.Ed. or L.Ed.2d)