Trade secrets refer to private information that is of commercial value to a company based on its secrecy. It's essentially a competitive edge and be anything from customer lists to manufacturing techniques. This is to promote a free and open market and to reward innovation. However, to prove a case for trade secrets, these secrets must be disclosed or misappropriated for commercial profit,
In this case, the defendant does not seem to have violated any confidentiality because she did not disseminate the information.
Following are the expressions of an original work which are protected by copyright law:
a. Literary works (including newspaper and magazine articles, computer and training manuals, catalogues, brochures and print advertisements)
b. Pictorial, graphic and sculptural works.
c. Musical works.
d. Dramatic works and accompanying music.
e. Motion pictures and other audiovisual works (including multimedia works)
f. Pantomimes and choreographic works (including every form of dance)
g. Sound recordings.
h. Architectural works.
H comes under the category of pictorial work and motion pictures or other audiovisual works that includes multimedia works and therefore, T and X can sue for copyright infringement.
The person R is a food buyer for the company OCF. She decides to conduct her own business named RK. She makes an offer to the organic supplier to buy their harvest and offers the customer to sell the product at less price than the ex-employer.
Intellectual property rights:
It refers to the right of the company to have a monopoly to use its own ideas, plans, or any other intangible assets. It includes rights such as copyright, trademark, patents and trade secrets. These rights encourage innovations as it reduces the fear that the competitors may steal the idea.
It refers to the information of commercial value such as plans, customer lists, and research and development. It may also include marketing methods, pricing information, production techniques which make an individual company unique.
The person R has not violated any intellectual property rights because she has not revealed any business information such as the pricing method or marketing method which will negatively affect the organic business or reduces the economic advantage of the business over the competitors. She has just offered the customer to sell her products at less price. Therefore, she has not violated any rights.
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