Human Development 12/13

Psychology

Quiz 38 :
Can You Build a Better Brain

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Quiz 38 :
Can You Build a Better Brain

Improving the strength of brain is lot tougher than improving muscular strength. Observations show that if someone do a certain brain exercise and became smart, its might not give similar result on the other person. Though there are lot of fast forward, quick and needless studies for cognitive development, but there are lesser number of actual well-designed studies that will stand up to the mark. In 2010 the National Institutes of Health, evaluated ways to maintain and enhance cognitive function. According to the study it has been shown that Vitamin B 6 , B 12, and E; beta carotene; folic acid; and the trendy antioxidants called flavonoids increases cognition. With the aging, the nerve cells find it difficult to protect themselves against the free radicals. These free radicals are manufactured by our body cell. If these free radicals are not checked, it can cause degenerative diseases like slow mental incapacity. Antioxidants are present in body which is a natural defense system. It protects us from harmful free radicals. The two types of antioxidants which has been shown by researchers to be helpful for cognitive enhancements are flavonoids and vitamin E. Antioxidants increases the number of connections between neurons and interrupts the formation of amyloid plaques. And hence, averts Alzheimer's disease. The antioxidants can delay the decline of brain by more than couple of years.

Art Kramer, from the university of Illinois found that simple exercises like walking 45 minutes in a day helps in improving twenty percent of episodic memory and executive control function. Exercise helps in formation of new neurons near hippocampus. Hippocampus is responsible for new knowledge and experiences. Exercise also lead to formation of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), which acts as neuron fertilizer. It is found in the brain and nearby. Brain-derived neurotropic factor protects the existing neuron, stimulates the formation of new neurons and synapses. The neurogenesis and synapses help and enhance learning capacity, boost memory power, logical reasoning as well as creativity. Brain-derived neurotropic factor helps in retention of long-term memory. Brain-derived neurotropic factor is neurotrophins, one of the proteins that helps in neurogenesis. Brain-derived neurotropic factor also encourages synaptogenesis, which depends on new synapses assembly and old synapses disassembly. Brain-derived neurotropic factor helps in improving working of learning and memory task. It stimulates the process of neurogenesis, synaptogenesis a lot more than any other molecule.

Improving the strength of brain is lot tougher than improving muscular strength. Observations show that if someone do a certain brain exercise and became smart, its might not give similar result on the other person. Though there are lot of fast forward, quick and needless studies for cognitive development, but there are lesser number of actual well-designed studies that will stand up to the mark. The rule is that "neurons that fire together, wire together". The idea behind this is cognitive training helps in boosting mental strength. Active, a government sponsored study found that if we train our memory, reasoning or processing speed it improves our skill. But there is no transfer, that is if processing speed is improved, it will not improve memory and memory doesn't improve reasoning. If we do a lot of crossword than what improves is our ability to do crossword and not the memory. Therefore, research suggest that if we exercise cognitive training, it's just going to skill us in the task of training only and not the other general tasks. Art Kramer, from the university of Illinois found that simple exercises like walking 45 minutes in a day helps in improving twenty percent of episodic memory and the executive control function. Exercise helps in formation of new neurons near hippocampus. Hippocampus is responsible for new knowledge and experiences. Exercise also lead to formation of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), which acts as neuron fertilizer. It is found in the brain and nearby. Brain-derived neurotropic factor protects the existing neuron, stimulates the formation of new neurons and synapses. The neurogenesis and synapses help and enhance learning capacity, boost memory power, logical reasoning as well as creativity. Brain-derived neurotropic factor helps in improving working of learning and memory task. It stimulates the process of neurogenesis, synaptogenesis a lot more than any other molecule. Exercise stimulates the production of new synapse, which constitute functional circuits and whose capacity and efficiency underlie superior intelligence. Therefore, learning new things stimulates synapse formation more than doing a crossword puzzle every day.

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