Quiz 31: Are We There yet

Psychology

Before 1969, the women were not considered par with men. The stereotyped thinking prevailed in society that women can never be on top, even the middle was reserved for men. The major occupational work provided to women were of clerical type and they were treated as eye candies by their boss. The year 1969, marked the beginning of reform movement amongst women. The women got restless about their positions. The group of some 46 women, became the group of media professionals who sued against gender-based employment discrimination under the Civil Rights Act. Today, we can say that somewhat the gender discrimination is over. The women now are state champion athletes and are getting scholarships. The Supreme Court justice are women now and women are standing to be president. The majority of American workers are women now. Women are increasingly becoming breadwinners after recession. Yet, it we look in to the figures of survey, the women though get high college GPAs in all subjects, yet they take only 80 percent of total earing of their male counterparts. Even after finishing master's in business administration women make lesser money in comparison to male counterparts. The women's organisation such as National Organisation for Women (NOW) has seen an increased in membership, and ensured female education accessible. The new mantra of young girls is "girl power". By 2000 the women employment reached the peak point. The 9/11, two war and recession made gender equality a matter of secondary concern. It was reported by the World Economic Forum that from 2006 to 2009 the United States rank fell from 23 rd to 31 st in terms of women's education, health and finance. Even the companies are not successful enough for formulating policies in favour of women. Therefore, though women are at better position but equal status with men has not been achieved yet. We can believe the fact that battle of "the gender discrimination is yet not over".

Before 1969, the women were not considered par with men. The stereotyped thinking prevailed in society that women can never be on top, even the middle was reserved for men. The major occupational work provided to women were of clerical type and they were treated as eye candies by their boss. In the year 1969, the group of some 46 women, became the group of media professionals who sued against gender-based employment discrimination under the Civil Rights Act. If we look in to the figures of survey, the women though get high college GPAs in all subjects, yet they take only 80 percent of total earing of their male counterparts. Even after finishing master's in business administration women make lesser money in comparison to male counterparts. The reason for this differential payment of men and women could be the motherhood. The other reason could be that women are not taken seriously for important roles like that of men. A study reveals that women avoid leadership roles, thinking that they will get the label of being "bossy". In a survey, it was found that women negotiate first salary four times less likely than men. In a study conducted by Harvard it was found that women are considered "less nice" if they demand higher salary and their chances of getting hired lessens. Therefore, women generally hold back their demands at workplace thinking that they will be outcasted and will be liked less. This makes women earn less than men for the same jobs.

Before 1969, the women were not considered par with men. The stereotyped thinking prevailed in society that women can never be on top, even the middle was reserved for men. The major occupational work provided to women were of clerical type and they were treated as eye candies by their boss. If we look in to the figures of survey, the women though get high college GPAs in all subjects, yet they take only 80 percent of total earing of their male counterparts. Even after finishing master's in business administration women make lesser money in comparison to male counterparts. The reason for this differential payment of men and women could be the motherhood. The other reason could be that women are not taken seriously for important roles like that of men. It was reported by the World Economic Forum that from 2006 to 2009 the United States rank fell from 23 rd to 31 st in terms of women's education, health and finance. Even the companies are not successful enough for formulating policies in favour of women. The work life balance in the United States is abysmal. The work culture is masculine and patriarchal. This is the biggest hindrance in the success of working women therefore, the most common profession pursued by women which is low salary based, "pink collar" jobs are of secretary, nurses, teachers and cashier. Approximately 43% of women are in such jobs.

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