Cancers are complex conditions with serious health implications. In fact cancer research is one of the most focused areas for human health care. Most cancers have a multi-factorial etiology which includes genetic, occupational and lifestyle factors.
The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer in women and vaccines have been developed as a preventive measure. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer types in women and preventive measures should be practiced effectively.
Girls and young women should be vaccinated with the Gardasil vaccine to prevent cervical cancer. As recommended by health-care provides, vaccinating girls at the age of 9 would have the maximum benefit. Also, the vaccine should be encouraged in boys and young men, starting from the age of 9.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a immunodeficiency condition caused by infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). AIDS is a complex condition and affects the immune cells, thus compromising the immune status of affected individuals. Mostly, AIDS leads to the death of affected individuals and is of a global concern.
Concerted efforts are to be taken to prevent and cure AIDS. Developed nations should contribute to providing therapeutic support, educational initiatives to raise awareness and also for research and development in combating the HIV threat from all angles.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have significant clinical, economical and social implications. It is very important that awareness of STIs should reach all individuals and a concerted effort should be taken to spread the awareness.
The impact of STIs on human health is augmented by the fact that they are transmitted by unsafe sex practices and many can have serious long-term effects or even be fatal.
Several STIs have a long incubation or latency period and can remain asymptomatic thus resulting in faster transmission among individuals. Women are at a greater risk as some of the infectious agents can cause cancers of the cervix. Also, they can transmit the STIs to newborn through pregnancy or breast feeding. Hence, it is imperative that all individuals respond positively to being educated about STIs.