Sexuality Now Study Set 2

Psychology

Quiz 4 :

Gender Development, Gender Roles, and Gender Identity

Quiz 4 :

Gender Development, Gender Roles, and Gender Identity

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If you met someone at a party tonight who was transgender, what kind of emotions or thoughts do you think you would have? Would you be interested in pursuing a relationship with him or her? Why or why not?
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The attitude towards transgenders is largely determined by curiosity and caution by the general public. Though, scientific developments are leading to better understanding of transgenders and is able to provide equal space socially, the idea of interacting with a transgender can create a negative emotional impact for many.
Hence, pursuing a healthy and meaningful relationship with a transgender will not be an interesting option to most individuals.

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What questions does the case study example on Brenda/Bruce raise about the nature of gender? Do you feel that gender is innate, socially learned, or a combination of both?
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The nature of gender has its basis in the genetic makeup of individuals and interventions after birth might to change genders might be counter-productive. The case study of Brenda/Bruce reiterates that genetics govern gender and any attempts to clinically alter the gender will yield negative results.
Gender is largely determined by innate mechanisms and social learning does not play a deterministic role physiologically.

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Which theory of gender development do you favor? Can you relate this theory to your own gender development? What are the theory's strengths and weaknesses?
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The three main theories of gender role development are listed as follows:
1. Social learning theory
2. Cognitive development theory
3. Gender schema theory
The gender schema theory has more scientific validity as it takes into account a combination of cognitive development and cultural influences on the gender role development.
The strength of the theory is that it takes into account all possible factors from the birth of the child to the social and cultural influences that determine the gender role development.
The weakness of the theory is that it does not give the genetic component its due credit in determining the gender role development.

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How are definitions of masculinity and femininity changing in society? Are many of the old stereotypes still powerful?
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Why do you think a woman considers the phrase "She's one of the guys" to be a compliment, whereas a man considers the phrase "He's one of the girls" to be a put-down?
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