Scientific Farm Animal Production

Biology

Quiz 2 :

An Overview of the Livestock and Poultry Industries

Quiz 2 :

An Overview of the Livestock and Poultry Industries

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Describe the basic stages of production for each of the primary livestock and poultry industries in the United States.
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The domesticated animals, like cow, goat, cattle's, etc are called livestock. They are major food source all over the world, which gives milk, fiber, meat, draught, antlers, leather, wool, etc. The major livestock industries in the United States involved in the production of beef cattle, dairy cattle, poultry, sheep and pig, etc. For example, according to the census of 2012 there are 619,172 farms exist for beef cattle with average head size of 40.
The basic stages of production of primary livestock are explained by the total number of animals, cash receipts, commodity of prices, and contribution of livestock to the world trade and per-capita consumption. For example, consider the cattle production in the United States. Cattle production has three major phases, namely cow-calf production, stocker-yearling production and feedlot operations.
In cow-calf production young calf are raised until the age of 6-10 months. Then in stocker-yearling production calf are grown until they attain proper weight, which is about 600 to 850 lb. In third stage, cows feed with high energy feed and made then suitable for slaughter.

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Describe the importance of productivity differences on national animal inventories on a global basis.
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The National animal inventories are beef industry, cattle production, cattle feeding, the dairy and cattle industry, the horse industry, the poultry industry, the sheep and goat industry, the swine industry and others like aquaculture, ostrich and emu framing, etc. There is always some productivity differences exist between these animal inventories, which keeps the global economy in a perfect way.
For example, poultry products, like eggs, broilers and turkeys have major economic profit and productively differences in the United States. The eggs economic profit per year is $7.4 billion, broilers economic profit is $23.2 billion and turkey's economic profit about $4.9 billion. The swine industry has nearly %18 billion value. The cattle's and calves have $67.9 billion value and dairy products have $37.0 billion value.

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Recite and spell the correct terminology to describe young and mature males, females, and castrates by farm animal species.
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The most common farm animal species are Chickens, Cattle, Goats, Pigs, Sheep, Horse, Donkey, etc. The correct terminology for these animal species is as follows, Hen-female chicken, Cockerel- male chicken. Steer- castrated male bovine Cow- female bovine, and Bull-male bovine.
Doe is a female goat, buck-male goat, and Wether- castrated male goat. Gilt is a female pig, Boar-male pig and Barrow-castrated male pig, Hen- female turkey and Tom-female turkey. Ram is a male sheep, eve is a female sheep and Wether is a castrated male sheep.

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Compare and contrast the swine and poultry industries.
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Describe the regional concentration of U.S. livestock and poultry production.
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Briefly describe the "new" livestock industries in the United States.
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Discuss the importance of international trade in livestock, poultry, and products to the United States.
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Describe the U.S. horse industry.
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What are the primary factors that allowed the increase in per animal productivity in the U.S. beef industry?
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Rank the major U.S. livestock industries for number of producers, animal inventory, and volume of cash receipts.
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Compare and contrast the beef and dairy industries.
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