Quiz 2: An Overview of the Livestock and Poultry Industries

Biology

The most common farm animal species are Chickens, Cattle, Goats, Pigs, Sheep, Horse, Donkey, etc. The correct terminology for these animal species is as follows, Hen-female chicken, Cockerel- male chicken. Steer- castrated male bovine Cow- female bovine, and Bull-male bovine. Doe is a female goat, buck-male goat, and Wether- castrated male goat. Gilt is a female pig, Boar-male pig and Barrow-castrated male pig, Hen- female turkey and Tom-female turkey. Ram is a male sheep, eve is a female sheep and Wether is a castrated male sheep.

The domesticated animals, like cow, goat, cattle's, etc are called livestock. They are major food source all over the world, which gives milk, fiber, meat, draught, antlers, leather, wool, etc. The major livestock industries in the United States involved in the production of beef cattle, dairy cattle, poultry, sheep and pig, etc. For example, according to the census of 2012 there are 619,172 farms exist for beef cattle with average head size of 40. For poultry products, like eggs, broilers and turkeys has major economic profit in the United States. The eggs economic profit per year is $7.4 billion, broilers economic profit is $23.2 billion and turkey's economic profit about $4.9 billion. The swine industry has nearly %18 billion value. The cattle's and calves have $67.9 billion value and dairy products have $37.0 billion value. Thus, the ranking is as follows, 1. Cattle and calves 2. Dairy products 3. Broilers 4. Hogs 5. Chicken eggs 6. Turkeys

The domesticated animals, like cow, goat, cattle's, etc are called livestock. They are major food source all over the world, which gives milk, fiber, meat, draught, antlers, leather, wool, etc. The major livestock industries in the United States involved in the production of beef cattle, dairy cattle, poultry, sheep and pig, etc. These livestock majorly concentrated in states like Texas, California, Florida, Oklahoma, Colorado, Ohio, Kentucky and New York. For example, the production of eggs in the United States is 15.5 million tons, turkey is about 2.4 million tons and eggs production is about 92 billion. The production of fluid milk is about 81 million tons. For example, the live animals export value is $689 million and import is $2,092 million. This could be achieved by the production in all these states.

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