Scientific Farm Animal Production
Quiz 1 :
Animal Contributions to Human Needs
The domesticated animals, like cow, goat, cattle's, etc are called livestock. They are major food source all over the world, which gives milk, fiber, meat, draught, antlers, leather, wool, etc. For example, in the United States there are 2.2 million farms exist for livestock in 2012 as per the records. Whereas poultry has domesticated birds, like foul, turkeys, quails, chickens, etc. They are also major food source all over the world, but their products differs from livestock. Poultry gives food items like meat, eggs, oil, leather and other sources, like quills. Both livestock and poultry are rich with protein and fat and livestock has more economic value than the poultry in almost all countries this is because livestock can be managed well when compared to the poultry.
According to the demand of growing population around the world the livestock demand has been increased and for 2030 it should be 376 million tones to meets the demands of humans. The developed countries, like Canada, Hong Kong, Germany, Denmark, Australia, Luxembourg, Ireland, Iceland, etc use high protein as well as carbohydrate rich food sources, like meat, milk, eggs, potatoes, etc. The developing countries, like India, Indonesia, Iraq, Rwanda, Russian Federation, Bangladesh, Armenia, Azerbaijan, etc use animal products like meat, eggs and milk. For example, by 2030 the world estimated meat consumption kg per year is 45.3 in this the share of the Developing countries is 36.7.
One of the major achievements of the 20 th century is the agricultural mechanization. This increases the productivity and also makes sure that the occurrence of timeliness of operations. Now in the current tend this mechanization helps farmers to work in a sustainable way with an efficient management. For example, in olden days management were used by the farmers for preparation of land, seeding and planting, etc but now electronically controlled hydraulics and tractors had been using for these purposes. In most of the developed countries Sustainable agriculture is the major method of approach for Sustainable agriculture, which is only possible though mechanization.Sustainable agriculture includes the agricultural practices that maintain the productivity of the soil and a healthy balance in ecology with minimum long-term effects. The customers also happy with the consumption and usage of agricultural products that are gown by the Sustainable and by this only one can achieve the demands of world needs of food.