Health Science Fundamentals

Medicine

Quiz 21 :

Therapeutic Techniques and Sports Medicine

Quiz 21 :

Therapeutic Techniques and Sports Medicine

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When would antiembolism hose be used on a patient?
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Fat embolism usually occurs in case of long bone fractures. When fat globules are released from bone marrow and block the blood vessels it leads to improper blood flow, further the byproducts of fat causes pulmonary embolism and edema. It is symptomized by respiratory distress, tachycardia, fever, confusion, and rash.
Antiembolism hose reduces the chances of the development of blood coats and phlebitis. It is used mainly after surgery. Antiembolism hose are used to prevent pooling of blood in the legs. They reduce the changes of clot formation and prevent the occurrence of thrombophlebitis.
They are used after surgery when there is a danger of a clot formation, which may result in thrombophlebitis. They must be applied in such a way so that they are smooth and even and do not cut off the circulation.

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Why are overuse injuries difficult to prevent?
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When any biological tissue, such as muscle, bone, tendon or ligament is stressed beyond its physical limit, it is termed as overuse injuries. These are the injuries that occur because repetitive action. When the injuries continuously occur, then the healing process is delayed. The wear and tear of muscles keeps on occurring again and again.
Overuse injuries are one of the leading problems that requires physical therapy. It is commonly seen among participants in sports. It is difficult to prevent athletes suffers from repeated physical injuries do not always take the doctor's advice. They avoid medical treatment as they are afraid that doctor will advise them to give up sports.
The athletes themselves try to heal the problem by changing their body mechanics. This will even cause more damage to the tissue. The occurrence of overuse injuries is common in non-sportsmen as well.

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Explain the pivot, sliding, and lifting techniques.
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These techniques provide protection to the patient during transfer from the bed to gurney or chair, chair to chair are called guarding techniques. They can be of three types, pivot, sliding and lifting techniques.
Pivot technique is used while moving a patient, who can bear weight on at least one foot. Generally, this technique is used when only one person is involved. This technique works best when a patient need to move from a bed or chair to a chair, toilet and back again.
Sliding technique works best when the patient needs to move and cannot get up or bear weight on either foot. Flat board like device is used by sliding patients by paraplegic and quadriplegic patients.
Lifting technique is used in case when there is ample help and strength to provide full support to the patient while they move from one spot to another. The back should be kept straight and twisting should be avoided.

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What is the standard gait procedure for walking with a cane?
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Watkins has an exercise program designed by his physical therapist to restore full ROM after his complex leg fracture. The exercises cause some discomfort and he wants to stop exercising, insisting that a limited, shuffling gait is good enough. How would you explain to him the importance of his ROM exercises and the restoration of normal functioning? Find a partner and role-play how you would overcome his objections.
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What is a prosthesis?
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What is the standard temperature for water in hydrotherapy treatment?
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Communication -Describe what you would say to a patient who was going to have his first hydrotherapy treatment. What special precautions would you take? What would you tell the patient about the possible outcome of his treatment?
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Which guarding technique is best for paraplegics?
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Compare moist heat and dry heat.
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What is thermotherapy and for what is it primarily used?
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Ethical -Use the Internet to look up the "Guide for Conduct of the Physical Therapist Assistant" issued by the American Physical Therapy Association(APTA). Take any standard or substandard in the guide and invent a hypothetical ethical dilemma that pertains to that standard. Make sure you give your solution to the problem quoting from the guide.
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List four types of therapy you might encounter as a physical therapy aide?
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Legal -Explain what it means to "know your limitations" as a physical therapy aide working in the physical therapy department.
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What is the purpose of range-of-motion (ROM) exercises?
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What is one of the problems associated with UV therapy?
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What are the steps to fit crutches for a patient?
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What tasks are required of physical therapy aides?
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According to its supporters, what is the main principle behind acupuncture?
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Starr has very bad arthritis that keeps her from doing some of the things she loves such as gardening and playing bridge. The physical therapist has decided to try diathermy to see if it can alleviate her pain. Before the treatment, you notice Ms. Starr has a wedding ring on. When you ask her to remove it, she refuses, telling you that "she never takes the ring off because it reminds her of her dear departed husband." What would you do?
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