Quiz 20: Medical Assisting and Laboratory Skills

Medicine

Diagnosis involves various medical tests that are performed for detecting or monitoring a disease. These tests are based on clinical chemistry and molecular diagnostic techniques. These techniques can help in determining an illness that is related to the symptoms of the patient. The examination involves a set of techniques for inspecting various reflexes and senses in an individual. This involves inspection of wounds, injuries and other damage that is caused to the normal functioning of the body. Examination and diagnostics involve four basic techniques that are used by the healthcare staff. These are explained in following points: 1) Observation or inspection: the physician or healthcare worker makes an observation for normal or abnormal appearances in the patient. These involve examination of eyes, hair, skin, nails, movements or actions. Some unusualness in these body parts can help in determining illness. 2) Palpation: The healthcare provider, feels or touches the parts of the body of the patient that may appear abnormal. Application of pressure and feeling the parts can help in location of painful or tender areas. 3) Percussion: Tapping of different body parts is done. This tapping can be done with hands or a rubber hammer available with the physician or the healthcare worker. This tapping can help in indicating emptiness, fullness and size of internal organs. 4) Auscultation: The healthcare provider listens to the sounds of the body with the help of a stethoscope. These involve the sound of the heart, lungs, bowel and blow flow in arteries.

In this case study, a patient Mr. Grey is to be admitted to the hospital for routine procedures. He is a little nervous. He has asked to explain what will occur after he has been admitted and registered in the hospital. The healthcare professional should instruct him about the following things that will occur after the patient has admitted and registered in the hospital: 1. The patient will be examined. a) Patient may be asked to hand over his belongings like wallet, metal accessories, bags and other valuable items. b) Height and weight readings can be taken. c) He may be examined for basic senses and reflexes by observation, palpation, percussion and auscultation. d) He may be asked to lie down in a specific position for better examination. e) Various specimens like blood, urine, feces can be taken for further examination procedure. 2. Diagnosis will be made by the physician. This will include details from various sources mentioned below: a) Patients' history. b) Findings from physical examination. c) Vital signs. d) Results from laboratory. e) Diagnostic test results. f) Symptoms described by the patient, if any. 3. Transfer: If found necessary, the patient may be transferred to a different area for better examination. 4. Discharge: The patient will be discharged on the order of his physician when necessary examination and diagnosis process has completed.

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