Drug dosage calculation is an essential function of the pharmacy technician. A healthcare professional must understand these calculations and related Roman numerals to read, write and fill out a prescription. These Roman numerals are commonly used in pharmacological directions and prescriptions.
It is important for a healthcare worker to provide the patient with the right dosage to ensure proper action of the medication. Overdose or under dose, both can result in affecting the individual's healthy body cells or not affecting the infection, respectively.
Providing with right medication dosage is an important part of medication administration. Some medications are packaged in a manner that they are ready to be consumed. While, some medication dosages are required to be calculated. This can be done by following a formula given below:
For example, a medication of 100 mg (milligram) is to be administered to the patient. The healthcare worker has 50 mg tablets. In this case, dosage to be given is 100 mg and dosage with healthcare worker is 50 mg. Thus, dosage required to be administered can be calculated as follows:
So, two of the tablets of 50 mg should be administered to the patient.
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Controlled Substances Act (CSA) is U.S. (United States) Drug policy that regulates manufacture, possession, use, distribution, importation of stimulants, depressants, narcotic substances anabolic steroids, hallucinogens and other chemicals. CSA is, title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.
There are five schedules in the CSA, which include controlled substances. Controlled substances are those drugs and their products that come under the jurisdiction of CSA. The five schedules of the act are described below: