Quiz 19: Measuring Vital Signs and Other Clinical Skills

Medicine

The signs that are vital are the clinical measurement, which depicts the condition of the functions of the body of a patient. Pulse rate, temperature, respiration rate, pressure of the blood are measured in this case. Temperature is called as a degree of internal heat of an individual's body. Muscle and glands produces the heat in the body. Body heat is lost by the process of respiration and perspiration. Body temperature is the balance that is between the lost heat and the produced heat. Normal temperature of the body is 98.6 °F (degree Fahrenheit) or 37 °C (degree celcius). The temperature below normal is called as hypothermia (below 95 degree F). The temperature above the normal temperature is called as hypothermia (above 104 degree F). There are different kinds of factors that affect the body temperature. Three factors that influence the body temperature to increase are infection, anxiety, illness. Three factors due to which, the body temperature decreases are depression, fasting and exposure to cold.

In this case study, the patient Mr. Marks is an elderly man and seems very upset and agitated. Agitation can affect the vital signs of a person. Vital signs depict the condition of important functions of the body of a patient. Increased agitation in Mr. Marks makes the vital signs abnormal. These would not leave a good impact on his health. It is important to reduce his anxiety by making a verbal or non- verbal communication. Before taking the vital signs of Mr. Marks it is important and is the duty of a health care worker to make him relaxed for better results. It can be done by communicating with him properly and in a friendly manner. The following steps can be taken to make him relax, which are as follows: 1. He should be greeted and introduced properly with a genuine smile. 2. He should be given a chance to speak and the caregiver should try to get to know him. Sometimes, it is important to listen to the patient especially in anxiety cases. It helps in making him more comfortable around the people as he knows that the other person is listening to his concern. 3. He should be led to relax for a moment and the aura should be good around him. The relaxation techniques like breathe in and out should be taught to him and he should be offered a cup of water. 4. The mood of the patient should be kept light by using humor. He should be asked about his life and other things. 5. The environment should be inviting for him. 6. He should be provided with a positive approach and should be comforted with kind words.

Medical terminology is used to describe the various components, parts, conditions and processes of human body. It is the language that describes the regular morphology of the body. It is important to know the medical terms and condition for a medical line person as it helps in communication with the health care industry. There are vital signs in the body, which helps in monitoring a person's health. The signs that are vital are the clinical measurement, which depicts the condition of the functions of the body of a patient. The following medical terms are defined as follows: 1. Arrhythmia- Arrhythmia is a condition of the heart. It is a condition of abnormal rate of the heartbeat. Heart beats with an irregular pattern. It can be too slow or too quick. 2. Aural- It refers to the ear or hearing. There are aural thermometers, which are used for babies and children. They are accurate, easy to use, fast and safe. It is positioned in the aural canal of the ear. 3. Axillary- Axillary is related to the armpit. Axillary site gives a least accurate temperature. It is only taken, when the temperature cannot be taken orally, aurally or rectally. 4. Celsius- Celsius is a unit of measurement for temperature. It is also called as centigrade. It measures the body heat. 5. Diastolic pressure- This pressure (diastolic) is called the least force that is exerted on the arterial walls by the heart. 80 mmHg (millimeter mercury) is the diastolic pressure in the blood pressure. 6. Homeostasis- It is a balance state, when vital signs are within the normal limits. 7. Hypertension- Hypertension is the condition, when the blood pressure is above the normal range. 8. Pyrexia- Pyrexia is defined as the rise in the body temperature. 9. Systolic pressure- The pressure that exerts great force on the arterial walls by the heart. 120 mmHg is the systolic pressure in the blood pressure. 10. Thready- It is thin like a thread. Thread is related to pulse. It is barely felt like pulse. As the definitions are self-explanatory that is why it is important to record all these medical terminology while taking the vital signs, as they are interrelated to each other. Body temperature, pulse rate and respiration have to be normal in a person.

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