Quiz 18: Patient and Employee Safety

Medicine

It is important to clean up litter and wipe up spills on the floor so that workers do not suffer injuries. According to the OSHA (Occupational safety and Health Administration), there are a set of guidelines that help workers prevent such accidents. The recommendations of OSHA are described below: 1. Only one half of a hallway or staircase should be cleaned at once. This will let the staff, visitors and patients to have a dry surface to walk on. 2. Any kind of spill should be cleaned immediately and thoroughly. 3. The floors of entryways must be kept dry and clean. Mats can be put down at entryways to prevent from slipping. Warning signs should be displayed to alert people of slippery floors. 4. Buckets, mops and other supplies should not be left unattended in hallways when not in use. 5. Appropriate ladders and step tools must be used to perform cleaning of hard-to-reach places. 6. Non-skid waxes should be used in toilets and shower areas to reduce slipping. 7. Immediate reporting of damaged surfaces, poor and ineffective lighting in halls and stairways must be done to avoid injuries. 8. Areas which remain wet and moist most of the time can become slippery due to the growth of fungi. These areas must be reported and steps must be taken to keep these areas clean. Use of appropriate cleaners to reduce molds and fungi is recommended. 9. Functional shoes with a good grip must be worn always to prevent slipping on floors.

In the given case, the healthcare facility is evacuated because of a bomb threat. For a patient who is unable to walk or sit, safety while moving is to be ensured. The precautions that should be taken care to fulfill the purpose are to be discussed. Transporting devices are used for moving the patient, who is unable to walk or sit on his own. These include wheelchair and gurney. In the given case, the patient is not able to sit as well. Hence, a gurney will be used to relocate him. The following guidelines can help in ensuring safety of the patient: 1. The brakes should always be locked, when the gurney is at rest. It should be practiced even if the gurney is at risk for a little while. 2. The patient should always be backed up in a gurney moving downhill. 3. The brakes should be locked again as soon as the patient is off the gurney. 4. The patient should never be left unattended on the gurney. 5. The head of the patient on the gurney should enter first while entering the lift. 6. The gurney should be kept disinfected and free from body fluids.

The use of medical terms in sentences with context of first aid is given below: 1. Cardiopulmonary a) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an important first aid technique that can save lives in absence of advanced life staving technologies. b) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is responsible for pumping the blood artificially by compressing the chest of an individual in need. 2. Priorities a) The p r iorities of the patient should be kept in mind, while providing with first aid. b) Different patient may have different priorities and they should be catered accordingly. 3. Laceration a) In case of deep laceration , the patient should be immediately provided with medical care. b) A deep laceration wound may require stitching of the wound. 4. Dressings a) A patient who has been injured during a car accident may require multiple dressings to ensure decreased loss of blood. b) In case of injuries of different types, different kind of dress ings are to be done to ensure proper healing.