Quiz 10: Medical Terminology


The medical terminology is formed to use in the field of medicine. The important aspects of the medical terminology often include the use regular morphology and Latin terms. It is also created by the using the suffixes as well as prefixes in Ancient Greek and Latin. Medical terminology is described as the language, which is used for explaining the human body and its components, conditions, processes and procedures. Medical terms are the words that are composed of several parts. All medical terms have a root word. Suffixes and prefixes are added to the root word to build a meaningful medical term. Root word (the main part of the word) is a part of every medical term. Prefixes and suffixes are added to the root word in order to form a relevant medical term. The prefixes are added before the root word, whereas the suffixes are added at the end of the root word.

In the given case study, a healthcare worker is in a hurry to finish his work of charting. He/she is unable to recall some of the standard abbreviations that are used. It is to be discussed that whether, using abbreviations according to his understanding is acceptable. Abbreviation is the shortened form of a word that communicates the information quickly, concisely and efficiently. The use of standard medical abbreviations that are accepted by scientific communities is considered appropriate. Also, a 'do not use list' that is developed by the Joint commission is to be kept in mind while using abbreviations for medical use. The healthcare worker, who is unable to recall standard abbreviations, should not make up abbreviations according to his understanding. This is because medical abbreviations are used to provide concise information. If they are not known to the supervisor or any other healthcare employee, it can risk the life of the patient. Abbreviations used for charting may be used as a reference by other healthcare employees and patients. Making up of abbreviations may not provide the person referring the chart with adequate information. The healthcare employee must ensure that he/she uses the right abbreviations. Even if the employee is running late, it is not a good idea to risk the lives of the patient by making up abbreviation in the charting. The employee should, themselves, refer to books to ensure the use of appropriate abbreviations and standardized abbreviations.

In the given case, a patient is suffering from multiple symptoms. These include headache, stomach pain, excessive perspiration and vomiting. These are to be explained to the supervisor using medical terminology. The medical terms used to explain these symptoms are combination words. These are formed by putting together the prefixes, root words and suffixes. There is a basic structure, known as word root or combining form that results in formation of combination words. The medical term for headache is cephalagia. The word root is 'cephal' that means 'head' and suffix used is 'agia' that means 'pain'. Similarly, the medical term used for stomach ache is gastralagia. The word root is 'gastro' that means 'stomach' and suffix used is 'agia' that means 'pain'. The medical term used for vomiting is emesis. The medical term for excessive perspiration is hyperhidrosis. The prefix used in the term is 'hyper' that means 'excessive' and word root used is 'hidrosis' that means 'sweating'.

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