SOC 3

Sociology

Quiz 7 :

Deviance, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System

Quiz 7 :

Deviance, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System

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Which of the following statements is false?
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Multiple Choice
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Answer:

Deviance:
Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma.
Stigma:
Stigma is a negative label that diminishes the value of a person and changes his or her identity and self-concept.
Statement:
Deviance can be a trait, behavior, or beliefs as people usually consider them as deviant when they commit something. Informal deviance does not violate the law, as informal deviance is not a crime.
Deviance is always accomplished by social stigmas. Stigma is a negative label that diminishes the value of a person and changes his or her identity and self-concept. Deviance varies across situations. It means the thing that seems normal in one context may look stigmatized in another context.
Hence, options (a), (c), and (d) are wrong, as these statements are true.
Justification:
Formal deviance is the conduct of a person that violates the law. Crime is the example for formal deviance. In contrast to formal deviance, informal deviance does not violate the law.
Hence, the option (b) is correct, as this statement is false.

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True or False Capital punishment decreases crime.
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True False
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Deviance:
Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma. Crime is an example for deviance.
Justification:
Many countries have abolished death penalties and have suspended the execution. The major reason for the suspension of death penalty is as follows:
• Officials believed that the death penalty would not deter crime.
• Capital punishment would not decrease the crime rates.
Hence, the given statement is
img .

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True or False Female crime rates have decreased.
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True False
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Deviance:
Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma. Crime is an example for deviance.
Justification:
Men commit many crimes. The victims of those crimes are both men and women. Women and girls are the victims of sexual harassment, female infanticide, rape, violence by partner, and stalking. Crime rate against female has increased.
Hence, the given statement is
img .

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What's the difference, if any, between deviance and crime? Include the positive and negative functions, if any, of deviance and crime in your answer.
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True or False The crime control model maintains that rehabilitation is the best way to decrease the frequency of crime.
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Who of the following is most likely to be the victim of a crime?
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Merton proposed four deviant modes by which people adapted to social strain. Which of the following was NOT one of Merton's modes?
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What is a fundamental question that a conflict theorist would ask regarding crime?
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True or False Labeling theory claims that society's reaction to a behavior is a major factor in defining oneself or others as deviant.
True False
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True or False Differential association theory claims that people learn deviant behaviors through interaction with others.
True False
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When 3-year-old Kyle colored the kitchen table blue with his new crayons, his mother frowned and scolded him. Kyle's mother used_________to control his behavior?
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Which sociological perspective do you think provides the best explanation of deviance and crime? Explain why, illustrating your answer with specific examples.
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