Quiz 7: Deviance, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System

Sociology

Deviance: Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma. Stigma: Stigma is a negative label that diminishes the value of a person and changes his or her identity and self-concept. Statement: Deviance can be a trait, behavior, or beliefs as people usually consider them as deviant when they commit something. Informal deviance does not violate the law, as informal deviance is not a crime. Deviance is always accomplished by social stigmas. Stigma is a negative label that diminishes the value of a person and changes his or her identity and self-concept. Deviance varies across situations. It means the thing that seems normal in one context may look stigmatized in another context. Hence, options (a), (c), and (d) are wrong, as these statements are true. Justification: Formal deviance is the conduct of a person that violates the law. Crime is the example for formal deviance. In contrast to formal deviance, informal deviance does not violate the law. Hence, the option (b) is correct, as this statement is false.

Deviance: Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma. Crime is an example for deviance. Determine the victim of the crime: The incarceration rate of B community people is three times more than rate of W community people. For most of the cases, B community people are the victims as they are the minority community in Country U. Hence, options (b), (c), and (d) are wrong. Justification: The victimization rate for forceful crimes is higher among the B community people, especially among men. Hence, B community men are the victims for most of the crimes. Hence, the option img is correct.

Deviance: Deviance is the violation of social norms. Deviations may vary according to the society's perception and time. The higher authority will decide whether the activity is right or wrong. The people who deviate will be punished by stigma. Crime is an example for deviance. Social control: Social control is the technique that eliminates the crime and deviance by regulating the behavior of the people. Statement: Punishment is the process of rough handling of the people as a penalty for their illegal behavior or criminal activities. Negative sanctions are the punishments given as disapproval for the activities that violate the norms. Positive sanctions are the rewards for good behavior through words, facial expressions, or body language. Hence, options (a), (c), and (d) are wrong. Justification: Kid K is 3 years old. He colored the kitchen table with new crayons. Therefore, his mother scolded him for his behavior. It is required to determine as to which category of social control the reaction of his mother belongs. Negative sanctions are the punishments given as disapproval for the activities that violate the norms. The punishments in the negative sanctions can be an informal expression or a formal reaction. Informal expressions include gossip, frowns, or scolding. Formal reaction includes fines, incarceration, and arrest. Hence, the option img is right.