Quiz 2: Examining Our Social World

Sociology

Social research: Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. Methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative. Statement: Sociological research is related to the tradition and myths of a society. It helps to create a new knowledge in the field of social life. Social research explains the reasons for the behavior of people in specific situations and how it influences social policies. This kind of research sharpens the critical thinking skills of a researcher. Hence, option (a), (c), and (d) are incorrect. Justification: The main reasons for the importance of sociological research in everyday life are as follows: • Ability to explain the social life • Relation to the tradition • Ability to provide explanations • Influence on social policies • Sharpening of the skills of critical thinking Hence, option img is correct.

Social research: Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. Methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative. Statement: Hypothesis is the statement regarding the expected relation that exists between the variables. Hypothesis is the explanation prepared based on available evidences. Available evidences will be the starting point for a detailed investigation. Hence, the hypothesis will not be based on personal opinions. It does not check the accuracy of a study. The researcher does not use hypothesis for generalizing. Hence, option (a), (b), and (d) are incorrect. Justification: Hypothesis is the statement regarding the expected relation that exists between the variables. Available evidences explain the hypothesis. Hence, option img is correct.

Social research: Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. Methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative. Statement: Induction and deduction are the two approaches that examine the relationship of variables. Deductive reasoning will start with a prediction or theory and it will be tested through the data collection. On the other hand, inductive reasoning starts with a specific observation and will be followed by data collection. Then the researcher will prepare a conclusion about the regularities and patterns. Intuition is the ability to understand something immediately according to the feelings rather than facts. Inference is the conclusion based on the reasoning and evidences. Hence, option (a), (b), and (c) are incorrect. Justification: In this situation, Person A observes, starts data collection, and then suggests her friend to adopt the same method. Inductive reasoning starts with specific observation followed by data collection. Hence, option img is correct.