SOC 3

Sociology

Quiz 2 :

Examining Our Social World

Quiz 2 :

Examining Our Social World

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What is a hypothesis?
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Social research:
Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. Methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative.
Statement:
Hypothesis is the statement regarding the expected relation that exists between the variables. Hypothesis is the explanation prepared based on available evidences. Available evidences will be the starting point for a detailed investigation.
Hence, the hypothesis will not be based on personal opinions. It does not check the accuracy of a study. The researcher does not use hypothesis for generalizing.
Hence, option (a), (b), and (d) are incorrect.
Justification:
Hypothesis is the statement regarding the expected relation that exists between the variables. Available evidences explain the hypothesis.
Hence, option
img is correct.

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Suppose you want to examine the effects of student employment on class attendance. Which data collection method(s) would you use? Why?
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Social research:
Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. The methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative.
The following method is adopted for collecting data to study the relation between class attendance and student employment:
The secondary data will be effective for the study of relationship between the class attendance and student employment. The researcher should take student employment details and class attendance list. A comparative study between the student employment details and class attendance details will enable the researcher to understand the relation.
Conclusion:
According to the nature of the study, the researcher has to decide the data collection method. In this study, the researcher should collect data from the secondary sources.

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State a hypothesis about your GPA, the dependent variable. What three independent variables might you use? Explain why.
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Social research:
Social research is a systematic study regarding the human behavior. Imagination and curiosity is necessary for conducting a social research. The research process should be free from biases, value judgments, and private beliefs. The methodology for the social research can be either quantitative or qualitative.
The hypothesis about grade point average (GPA):
The study aims to know whether there is any significant relationship between the dependent and independent variables. Here, the dependent variable is GPA. Many variables affect the GPA. Independent variables will have an impact on the dependent variable.
The following are the independent variables that have an impact on the GPA:
• Tuition: The researcher can study whether availing additional tuition classes help a student to attain high scores or not.
• Participation in class: By analyzing the participation of a student in the class, the researcher can check its impact on the GPA.
• The family atmosphere of the student: It will help the researcher to understand whether the family atmosphere has an impact on the GPA of a student.
Conclusion:
The study will help the researcher to understand the type of relation that exists between the dependent and independent variables. The researcher can identify the factor that affects the most.

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True or False Validity is the consistency that a measure produces similar results overtime.
True False
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True or False If researchers use a nonprobability sample, they can generalize the results to a larger population.
True False
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Alexandra notices that she performs best on tests that are given in the afternoon. She then begins to collect data of her test grades and asks close friends and classmates to do the same. Alexandra is using
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True or False Correlation equals causation.
True False
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True or False Observing second graders interact with one another in their classroom is an example of field research.
True False
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True or False Social researchers continuously challenge the quality of existing studies.
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There are three golden rules in sociological research. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
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Sociological research is important in our daily lives for a number of reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of those reasons?
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Which of the following data collection methods is the most likely to suggest a cause-and-effect relationship?
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