Quiz 1: Thinking Like a Sociologist

Sociology

Sociology: Sociology is a study regarding the social interaction of a person at every level of life. Sociology clearly explains about the behavior of a person in the society. It gives special concentration on the origin, institution, organization, and development of a human society. A socialist will observe the everyday life of a group, conducts survey and experiments, and interprets the historical and census data. Statement: Microsociology is a sociological approach that deals with the relationship that exists between individuals. It explains the social interaction of a person in specific situations or settings. Macrosociology is the examination of the relationship that exists between the institutional characteristics. It characterizes the society as a whole. Hence, options (b), (c), and (d) are incorrect. Justification: Microsociology deals with the relationship that exists between individuals and their interaction in specific settings. Macrosociology is a broader concept that studies the relationship between institutional characteristics. Hence, option img is correct.

Sociology: Sociology is a study regarding the social interaction of a person at every level of life. Sociology clearly explains about the behavior of a person in the society. It gives special concentration on the origin, institution, organization, and development of a human society. A socialist will observe the everyday life of a group, conducts survey and experiments, and interprets the historical and census data. Statement: Person KM was a social scientist. During the period of industrial revolution, Person KM tried to explain the changes that were happening in the society. He developed the system of capitalism. Capitalism is the system that identifies specific ownership for all means of production. Person KM has identified three social classes in the society. They are as follows: • Capitalists • Proletariat • Petit bourgeoisie Hence, options (b), (c) and (d) are incorrect. Justification: Person KM identified the system of capitalism. Capitalism is the system of specifically identifying the ownership for each means of production. Person KM has categorized industrial society into three and they include capitalists, proletariat, and petit bourgeoisie. Hence, option img is correct.

Sociology: Sociology is a study regarding the social interaction of a person at every level of life. Sociology clearly explains about the behavior of a person in the society. It gives special concentration on the origin, institution, organization, and development of a human society. A socialist will observe the everyday life of a group, conducts survey and experiments, and interprets the historical and census data. Statement: Person W gives importance on economic factors and considers religious values, ideas, charismatic characters, and ideologies. For the better understanding of the society, Person W suggests subjective understanding of the behavior. According to Person W, understanding can be of two types. They are as follows: • Understanding by direct observation: Here, the social scientist can observe an individual's gestures, words, and facial expressions. • Explanatory understanding: Here, the social scientist tries to grasp the context and intention of the behavior. Hence, options (a), (b), and (c) are incorrect. Justification: In the given situation, Person JS observes the laughing of Person JE and concludes that Person JE is happy. Person JS found Person JE's happiness in her facial expression and therefore, it is a case of direct observational understanding. Hence, option img is correct.