Phlebotomy Handbook

Medicine

Quiz 16 :

Urinalysis, Body Fluids, and Other Specimens

Quiz 16 :

Urinalysis, Body Fluids, and Other Specimens

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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Which of the following can be used in children and infants to diagnose cystic fibrosis?
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Cystic fibrosis is the genetic disorder of lungs and it is fatal if not diagnosed. The disease is mainly due to genetic mutation in CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene. This leads to various physiological problems in the patient. Being genetic, the signs and symptoms of the disease are observed very frequently. The earliest sign of the disease is the salty skin.
Mainly the infant and children can easily be confirmed for the disease by detection of salts on the skin. As the age proceeds, the patient starts facing recurrent infection of the lungs such as coughing. Thus, diagnosis of the disease is important by selecting right specimen.
The diagnosis of the diseases can be confirmed, if the specimen is collected from the site of infection. Inflammation of the pericardium starts suddenly and is very painful. Fluid and blood components like white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC) enter in the pericardium sac and heart beat becomes fast.
Hence, the options a, c and d are incorrect.
In the given case, sweat chloride is the sure specimen to confirm the disease in infants and children. While the specimen such as CSF, and pericardial fluid is used to study different etiology cases.
Hence, the correct answer is option img .

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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Which of the following body fluids is extracted from joint cavities?
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A joint can be defined as a connection between two or more bones in the body. Also known as articulation, the joints link the whole skeletal system in order to form a functional system which helps in the body movement. Joints are constructed in such a way that they allow a certain degree of movement. The movement can be in one direction or more.
Pleural fluid is the fluid present between the layers of the pleura, covering the thoracic cavity. The space between the organ and the membrane contains the pleural fluid. Peritoneal fluid is present in the space of the abdominal cavity and functions by lubricating the surface of tissues lining the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity. Pericardial fluid is a type of serous fluid present in the pericardial cavity and lubricates the epicardium surface lining the heart.
Hence, the options a, b and d are incorrect.
Synovial fluid, also known as synovia, is a viscous fluid present in the cavities of synovial joints. The synovial fluid functions by reducing the friction between the articular cartilages of the synovial joints during any movement. Hence, for any diagnosis, synovial fluid will be extracted from the joint cavities.
Hence, the correct answer is option img .

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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Ketosis is frequently detected with which of the following conditions?
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Ketosis is a state or the metabolic condition where the body receives a portion of its energy from the ketone bodies present in the blood. This nutritional process is characterized by the level of insulin, ketone bodies and blood glucose is present in the body serum.
The liver is an organ which is essential for the digestion of food (emulsification) and also aids in the removal of the toxic substances from the body. Any disorder in liver functioning may lead to liver disease.
Chemical poisoning is a situation where the body is affected due to exposure to certain toxic and harmful chemicals over an extended period of time, leading to deterioration of the health. Infection is a state of the body when it is invaded by disease-causing agents, like bacteria, fungi, viruses or helminthes, which cause disease.
Hence, the options a, c and d are incorrect.
Diabetes mellitus or diabetes is a metabolic disorder causing high blood sugar levels in the body over a prolonged period. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and increased hunger. When diagnosed, it is often followed by diagnosis of ketosis, as along with blood sugar level, high levels of ketone bodies may also be found.
Hence, the correct answer is option img .

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Explain the difference between pleural fluid and pericardial fluid.
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List five types of specimens other than blood that the health care worker might be requested to transport to the clinical laboratory.
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Which of the following types of specimens is most frequently collected for analysis?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. What does glycosuria refer to?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Fetal abnormalities are detected through analysis of which fluid?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Which type of urine specimen is needed to detect an infection?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. The O P analysis is requested on which type of specimen?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. Which of the following body fluids is obtained from fluid surrounding the heart?
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For the following questions, select the one best answer. The FOBT is frequently requested on which type of specimen?
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