Phlebotomy Handbook

Medicine

Quiz 5 :

Safety and First Aid

Quiz 5 :

Safety and First Aid

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The following may have one or more answers. What organization developed a labeling system for hazardous chemicals that are frequently used in health care facilities?
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Many chemicals are required in the health care amenities, mainly in the departments of the clinical laboratory. As chemicals may exhibit physical or health threats, the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) has been revised in the health care facilities.
Principles for hazardous reagents and chemicals are being changed for the purpose of global harmonization. This signifies the global development of the dangerous classification of constituents, and transportation guidelines, which are constant among all the nations.
The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) is a federal agency of the United States, under the Department of Human and Health Services. Its prime aim is to safeguard public safety and health, by prevention and control of injury, disease, and disability in the United States and globally.
The USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) is the federal agency, under the Department of Human and Health Services. It supervises and controls tobacco products, food safety, vaccines, dietary supplements, biopharmaceuticals, medical devices, and veterinary products.
The CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute) is a membership-supported, volunteer driven, not for profit, organization of standards development. CLSI encourages the application and development of voluntary laboratory guidelines and consensus standards within the health care communal. Its aim is to develop laboratory and clinical methods, and encourage their global use.
Hence, the options a, b and d are incorrect.
The NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) is a trade association of the United States, even though with some international members, which maintains and creates copyrighted and private standards, and codes for adoption and usage, by local governments. The NFPA developed a marking scheme for dangerous chemicals, which is constantly used in health care amenities.
Hence, the correct answer is option img .

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What does the acronym PASS stand for as related to fire extinguishers?
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The constituents of fire are oxygen, fuel, and heat, plus the essential chain reaction. Three general categorizations of fires have been adopted by the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association). Class A fires need a pressurized water extinguisher, or an ABC extinguisher for paper, wood, trash, and clothing.
Class B fires require a carbon dioxide extinguisher or an ABC extinguisher for grease, liquid, and chemical fires. A class C fire refers to electrical fires, in which a halon, carbon dioxide, or ABC extinguisher can be used. The ABC extinguisher is the one used in most of the health care amenities.
PASS refers to a technique, which is used to discharge the extinguisher within its efficient array. It stands for pull, aim, squeeze, and sweep. Most of the fire extinguishers functions, by using the following PASS technique:
1. Pull: The pin is pulled, which also breakdowns the tamper seal.
2. Aim: One should aim low, by directing the nozzle of the extinguisher towards the fire base.
3. Squeeze: The handle of the extinguisher is squeezed to discharge the extinguishing material.
4. Sweep: The last step is to sweep from side to side at the fire base until it seems to be out. If the fire starts again, then replication of steps 2 to 4 is done.

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The following may have one or more answers. If an electrical accident occurs that involves electrical shock to an employee or a patient, the first thing that the health care worker should do is
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A biggest hazard in any location of a health care facility is the probability of the electrical current moving through a person. For example, in the physician office laboratory, or in the clinical laboratory, the health care providers at some instances uses electrical device, like a centrifuge.
He or she should be aware of the position of the circuit-breaker boxes in order to make sure a quick reply in the incident of an electric shock or an electrical fire. A standard protocol has been devised for the health care professionals in order to maintain electrical safety.
Moving the victim, placing a blanket over the victim, and starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), does not comprise the initial step to be followed, by the health care provider, if an electrical accident takes place.
Hence, the options a, c and d are incorrect.
If an electrical accident takes place, which involves an electrical shock to a patient or an employee, the first step to be taken by the health care provider is to shut off the electrical power.
Hence, the correct answer is option img .

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The following may have one or more answers. Which of the following should occur first if a fire breaks out in the health care facility?
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The following may have one or more answers. What are the major principles of self-protection from radiation exposure?
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The following may have one or more answers. Global Harmonization System includes which of the following?
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Locate at least two safety placards designated by the National Fire Protection Association 704 marking system in the area where you work.
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The following may have one or more answers. The first step in providing breathing aid to a victim in an emergency situation is to
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The following may have one or more answers. If a chemical is spilled onto a health care worker, he or she should first
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The following may have one or more answers. The hazard labeling system developed by the National Fire Protection Association has a blue quadrant to indicate
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The following may have one or more answers. Safety equipment in the chemical area of the health care facility will most likely include
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The following may have one or more answers. Which of the following is a main objective in treating a shock victim?
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