Classical Software Engineering

Computing

Quiz 6 :

Testing

Quiz 6 :

Testing

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You have been testing a code artifact for 11 days and found two faults. What does this tell you about the existence of other faults?
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When a code artifact was tested for 11 days and only two faults are found than it reveals that:
• It may show the efficiency of development team efforts and the quality has increased.
• May be the product is tested in know environment with selected inputs only.
• The review processes- walkthrough and inspection is not done properly by the development team.
• If misappropriate number of faults are found, then management should check for all the code artifacts to find the faults and take corrective actions.
• The number of faults found in the given artifact should be compared with average faults found in other stage of development which will help to find the efficiency of fault detection.

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Can correctness proving solve the problem that the product as delivered to the client may not be what the client really needs? Give reasons for your answer.
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• Correctness proving is an important software engineering tool.
• It is a mathematical technique that shows that a software product is correct and it satisfies the specification. The correctness proving is done with design and code.
• The correctness proving determines that the product is correct and reduces the number of faults.
• According to Dijkstra, "Correctness proof is the way to raise the confidence level of the programmer that his program is correct".
Thus, correctness proving ensures that the product which is delivered to the client is the same what was really needed by the client. But even if a product is proven to be correct, still testing should be done.

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Consider the following code fragment: k = 0;g = 1; while (k Prove that this code fragment correctly computes g = n? if n is a positive integer.
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The given code fragment and the flow chart of the code fragment is given below:
k=0;
g=1;
while (k
{
k=k+1;
g=g*k;
}
img When the code will be executed the variable g will contain the factorial of the variable n.
Assuming the value of n=5, each value of g and k in each loop is shown as follows:
img img For the above explanation it is seen that at the end of the loop termination the value of g contain the factorial of the variable n. Thus, the code fragment is correct.

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(Term Project) Explain how you would test the utility, reliability, robustness, performance, and correctness of the Chocoholics Anonymous product in Appendix A.
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How should Dijkstra's statement (Section 6.3) be changed to apply to correctness proofs rather than testing? Bear in mind the mini case study of Section 6.5.2.
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You are a rear admiral in the Valerian Navy in charge of developing the software for controlling the ship-to-ship missile of Problem 1.4. The software has been delivered to you for acceptance testing. What properties of the software do you test?
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Repeat the cost-benefit analysis of Problem 6.2 for a firm with only eight software professionals, including three managers. Assume that the other figures remain unchanged.
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Why is there a need to distinguish between a fault, a failure, and an error? Surely the use of the umbrella term defect simplifies matters?
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How are the terms correctness proving, verification, and validation used in this book?
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You are a member of the SQA group at Ye Olde Fashioned Software. You suggest to your manager that inspections be introduced. He responds that he sees no reason why four people should waste their time looking for faults when one person can run test cases on the same piece of code. How do you respond?
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A software development organization currently employs 91 software professionals, including 18 managers, all of whom develop as well as test software. The latest figures show that 26 percent of their time is spent on testing activities. The average annual cost to the company of a manager is $162,000, whereas nonmanagerial professionals cost $121,000 a year on average; both figures include overhead. Use cost-benefit analysis to determine whether a separate SQA group should be set up within the organization.
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Design and implement a solution to the Naur text-processing problem (Section 6.5.2) using the language specified by your instructor. Execute it against test data and record the number of faults you find and the cause of each fault (e.g., logic fault, loop counter fault). Do not correct any of the faults you detect. Now exchange products with a fellow student and see how many faults each of you finds in the other's product and whether or not they are new faults. Again record the cause of each fault and compare the fault types found by each of you. Tabulate the results for the class as a whole.
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Give an example of a software product that has been successfully maintained for many years, but has lost its usefulness and has been superseded by a totally different product.
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All 1539 stores in the Farm and Field organization are now to be connected by a communications network. A sales representative is offering you a 6-week free trial to experiment with the communications package he is trying to sell you. What sort of software tests would you perform and why?
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Consider the following code fragment: m = 1;q = 2; while (m Prove that this code fragment correctly computes q = 2 n if n ? {1, 2, 3,... }.
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You are the SQA manager at Farm and Field, a national chain of 1539 farm supply stores. Your organization is considering buying a stock-control package for use throughout the organization. Before authorizing the purchase of the package, you decide to test it thoroughly. What properties of the package do you investigate?
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What are the similarities between a walkthrough and an inspection? What are the differences?
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