Quiz 6: Motivation Theories


Beliefs and values stand for the long-lasting and stable standards and principles using which an individual leads his or her life and make appropriate choices in life. The commitment that an individual pose towards a particular work and activity shows his beliefs and values towards that task. The role that work-related values and belief systems play in shaping the behavior of individuals is quite significant because people with different beliefs and values tend to behave and perform differently at work-life situations. The people with work achievement drive are tend to perform excellently under pressure and provide desirable results; while people who are lethargic tend to show postponement in their tasks and responsibilities. Example- An employee with high flare for monetary benefits and with low standards is likely to make wrong choices when it comes to corruption, poaching of employees, being dishonest towards the organization and his work responsibilities only to gain certain monetary benefit.

Perceptual process stands for the steps of gaining a perception about someone or something beginning with the environment leading towards the framing of perception with reference to stimulus and response. The following are the key elements of a perceptual process- • Environmental stimuli - It stands for the various environmental factors internal and external making an individual to observe, experience and thereby frame a perception about them. • Usage of five senses - An individual's perception is developed making use of five senses through which an individual sees, hear, smell, feel and taste. • Interpretation- After taking experiences using the five senses, an individual makes interpretation of objects and situations he has observed in the environment. • Response - In this, an individual depending upon his good and bad perception gives response to the situations and people demanding response and answer from him related to particular situation or event. • Perceptual selection and organization - In this, an individual makes use of his perception in selecting the experiences and organizing them for future references.

Perception stands for the experience through which an individual has screened, selected, organized, and interpreted his stimulation and response towards a particular situation. The phrase "perception influences team performances" could be described by stating that people in team differ from each other not only in their personalities, upbringing, education and experiences etc. but also the way every person in a team perceives about others being a part of that team. Examples- In a team of aged members when a young person joins, then the other members feel and perceive that he is inexperienced and could not compete with them when it comes to perform and achieve tasks. This affects the behavior of senior members towards that newcomer. When an organization acquires another organization, then members usually have a perception that the big organization acquiring their company will behave rudely and practically with them. This will affect the performance of the employees of the company that is getting acquired. These are some of the examples of how perception affects performance.