Quiz 5: Perception and Attribution
By making use of classroom workshop model, the author has used the traditional viewpoints because traditionally and since ages classrooms has been used as a medium through which knowledge is imparted among students and they are made well-versed with the topics being set for their education. Similarly, the use of classroom workshop model approached by the author suggests that the author has made use of traditional medium of teaching and imparting knowledge to the readers and given them a chance to get acquainted and skilled in the information being presented to them by the author.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs stands for the motivational theory using a pyramid in which physiological needs are foremost for an individual, then comes the safety needs, next is social needs, next self-esteem, and at last self-actualization. While, McClelland's perspective of human motivation stands for the three theories that affects the driving motivators- need for achievement, affiliation, and power. These motivators are developed by human beings with experiences and cultures, and are not inherited. And, Herzberg's perspective of motivation theory stands for the two-factor theory wherein an individual gets motivated to work due to various factors that satisfies him; while there are certain set of factors that causes dissatisfaction and demotivation. The basic difference between the above mentioned three theories is that all the three theories differ with each other on the basis of the factors of motivation as in first theory motivation takes place pyramidically; while in second three factors are given importance; and in the last theory two factors are given emphasis causing motivation among individuals.
Mr. Y's manager asks him to make use of Herzberg theory of motivation in determining the motivation of all the managers in the organization and to forget about other theories of motivation. To give a response to the manager, Mr. Y could state that undoubtedly Herzberg theory is one of the best theories of motivation to evaluate the motivation levels of employees in an organization. This is because this theory provides a list of factors at workplace that motivates and demotivates the employees creating satisfaction and dissatisfaction in them. By knowing the positive factors, an organization could increase them and enlarge it for the employees; while by knowing the negative factors, the organization could minimize the occurrence of these factors and prevent dissatisfaction of employees.