Quiz 4: Personality and Individual Differences


The following are the three great blows in the history of Western thought - 1. Western civilization has given the world a scope to think and come up with unique ideas and apply it in the development of their daily chores and activities. 2. Western thought gave world an opportunity to leave its comfort zone and try out different and unique styles of working and making a niche for themselves. This will improve an organization's working in different manner and the employees will give more focus towards their work. 3. Also, western thought is known for bringing revolutionized ideas that are essential in making the world to improve as a whole. With large amount of revolutionary ideas and information, the world could improve the way it has been working till date and this improvement will bring more power and comfort in the hands of the people.

The following is an evidence that supports the notion of an unconscious- When a mother of two who works as a professor in a college thinks about her as a mother and the responsibilities she had been skipping towards her children in their childhood, this time her unconscious state reminds her that her children are her priority and the work comes as second priority. In this unconscious process, she is reminded of her memories as a mother, her interest in managing her children and home, the kind of motivations she receives in working and managing home and family etc. Thus, this is the example of a working mother and an employee who gets self-motivated in an unconscious manner to achieve her dreams while coordinating her family life.

Freud's model of human psyche stands for the model which shows three distinct interacting agents- id, ego, and superego. In this, id stands for the instinctual trends that are uncoordinated; while, ego stands for the coordinated and organized desires that are practical in nature; while, superego stands for the morals and standards that make the ego and id to regulate effectively. On the other hand, Jung's model of human psyche stands for the theory wherein a particular form of unconscious state is represented by human beings that carry memories, impulses, mood swings etc. that an individual is not particularly aware of. This unconscious state is common to entire mankind and originates from the brain structure of individuals. This way Freud's and Jung's model of human psyche provides for various levels of levels of unconscious state in human beings depending upon the inherited and acquired aspects of one's personality and self-being.