Quiz 11: Groups in Community Settings
After going through all the group proposals, the most interesting group proposal is a successful ageing group which focuses on the bad times in the life of the members and how it affected them. The group also discussed what measure they took in order to cope up with the situations. The following are the special groups designed for adults and older adults that are described in this chapter and the most innovative, interesting and useful features of each group are as follows:- • A women's support group for the survivors of incest - This group focuses on women who faced sexual abuse in childhood by trusted family member which affected their mind. This group focuses on both providing group therapy as well as individual therapy. The most interesting feature of this group is by using different strategies in order to change their mindset and behavior pattern by making them do different things when they get affected like reading books, maintaining a diary which includes personal feelings, talking to family members, writing letters and not sending it and recording dreams. These are advised to them in order to control their emotions. This strategy will be very much helpful in order to make the individual control their emotions. • A men's group in community agency - This group helps men to identify and implement their gender role in day to day life. The most interesting feature of this group is how they can build relationship with others. This is very important in today's world because if they maintain a good and healthy relationship with others, they will get support more easily. They can share their feelings easily with others. Thus maintaining good relationship with family, friends and at work will be beneficial for the individual. • An involuntary domestic violence group to attend the session - This group includes most of the male members who have been ordered by the court to attend the session and also people who are seeking help voluntarily. The most interesting feature of this group is that few of the individuals appeared extremely resistant to the sessions and were attending it forcefully. In order to control such emotion interview was conducted on an individual basis in order to know them better and make them understand about the session rules and regulation of the session. Interviewing the members on a personal basis prior to conducting the sessions would be very effective way to know the members more closely. • Group for the treatment of sex offender - This group includes individuals who committed the crime related to unlawful sex and were sent to jail for up to one year. These members attend the session once they get released from jail. The most interesting feature of this group is that the members perform homework assignments which include reading police report, sexual autobiographies and genograms. These homework assignments will give the members more clarity on the session. Genogram is nothing but the pictorial representation of family of members and is one of the effective ways to make them understand about their family. • An HIV/AIDS support group - It includes individual who were dealing with HIV/AIDS. This support group was formed for the individuals who are going through mental trauma. The most innovative feature of this group was to invite guest lecturers in the sessions and they helped the members by answering the question more effectively. • A successful ageing group - The group focuses on the issues or challenges that will be faced by the members in order to maintain mental and physical strengths as they progress towards ageing. The most interesting feature is that the population not only included the older member but also their family members. This was done because the information that was provided in the session will be advantageous for everyone and they can implement this at their old age. • An older adult bereavement group - The group includes older members who are suffering from some kind of loss like family, friends, retirement, declining health etc. The most important feature of this group is conducting self awareness session. This part will be very much needed in all the groups because this help the members to know their strengths, weaknesses and they can better understand themselves and others. • A group treatment program for institutionalized older adults - The group focuses on meeting the special needs of older clients. The most interesting feature is by teaching them the importance of listening and acting. This would be very effective as it will help the members to get connected to others easily if they listen to others also. Thus listening and acting ability will make them understand and react to situations appropriately. Sentence-completion method is one of the effective technique in generating deep thoughts and feelings which they can express easily. The changes that I will make in my proposal would be:- • Rather than discussing the topic, it would be more effective to make the members participate in different activities which will give them practical knowledge about the issues. • It would be effective to include a board where each members will be asked to write what they liked most and what needs to be improved in today's session. Taking feedbacks on each session will help the leader to improve or use innovative ideas to conduct the sessions. • I would also include strategies like skits and role play to give broader picture of the issue. Designing a particular group needs different criteria that should be considered. It is very important to understand the group goal, do thorough research, screening and selection of members, number of sessions to be conducted, types of strategies for active participation of members, leadership skills and knowledge, how to handle difficult situation and to meet the desired outcome. Before designing a group proper planning is very important.
A women's support group for survivors of incest group focuses on women who faced sexual abuse in childhood by trusted family member which affected their mind badly. These members face problems like lack of confidence, not getting connected to others easily, lack of trust, low self-esteem etc. There are various types of groups such as support groups, psychoeducational groups, time-limited groups, long-term or open ended groups and retreats that focus on treating the survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The unique therapeutic factors that can promote healing in this type of group are as follows:- • Combining the group and individual therapy in order to heal the mental condition of the members will be appropriate and effective. Individual therapy process will help the members to express their feelings more deeply and group therapy involves structured discussion process in order to give them clear insight of the issue and how to overcome and fight the situations. • Expressing or sharing feelings or the issue with other with other members will help them to know more about each other and progress of the session. They share emotion by using art work which is expressive and this gives them clear understanding of their past experience. • They give more focus on the goal of each member that they want to accomplish. Self-awareness and behavior pattern are important topic of discussion to give the members idea about themselves and others. They will know how about their past behavior, present behavior and what changes they need to do in order to show right kind of behavior. • The most interesting feature of this group is by using different strategies in order to change their mindset and behavior pattern by making them do different things when they get affected like reading books, maintaining a diary which includes personal feelings, talking to family members, writing letters and not sending it and recording dreams. These are advised to them in order to control their emotions. This strategy will be very much helpful in order to make the individual control their emotions. • Cognitive behavioral techniques and visual exercises also effective in building positive attitude. • Reviewing the entire session at termination stage would be very essential as it will give them clear understanding of their past experience, their behavior, what they have learnt from the session and how to implement the learning in day to day process. This is done through role play or filling out the questionnaire.
A men's group in community agency helps men to identify and implement their gender role in day to day life. The most interesting feature of this group is how they can build relationship with others. This is very important in today's world because if they maintain a good and healthy relationship with others, they will get support more easily. They can share their feelings easily with others. Thus maintaining good relationship with family, friends and at work will be beneficial for the individual. Joining the group sessions will be very helpful for men due to following reasons:- • They can get connected socially with others in day to day life. • They can express their feelings and concern easily and get effective solutions or treatment which they can implement in day to day life. • The sessions will help in building relationship with father and mother, with children and at work. • They will develop ways by which they can initiate friendship with people. • They will become more confident in expressing views related to sexuality. • They can discuss any problem or issue they have faced earlier. • They will get clear ideas about their past experience, present role and what they needs to do in future. • They will know more about themselves like their strengths, weaknesses and values.