Groups

Education

Quiz 10 :

Groups in School Settings

Quiz 10 :

Groups in School Settings

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Evaluate the Group Proposals. In small groups critique the group proposals presented in this chapter. As you review these proposals, pay particular attention to the multicultural dimensions of each proposal. What aspects of each proposal would you want to incorporate in one of your group proposals? What are some of the advantages of using a group format for the kinds of problems explored in each group? Of all the proposals presented in this chapter, which proposal did you find to be the most unusual and why?
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It is very important to evaluate the group proposal in order to measure the success and whether the goal is met. In this chapter there are five group proposals that are discussed and the multicultural dimensions of each group that can be incorporated in my group are:-
• A school counseling group for 6 to 11-year-olds who are facing learning problems- In this group proposal, the speaker was very friendly, supportive and maintained physical contact with children in order to gain trust and confidence so that the children can express their feelings without hesitation. The speaker's relation to the group plays important role for the success of the group.
• A group for elementary school children of Divorce and Changing families - The session conducted on "feeling game" where the children select their feeling for their family out of all the feeling. This can be little bit modified as per the group proposal however including the feeling game would be beneficial as it would help to better understand the children.
• A group for children who have been abused - The session conducted on interpersonal interaction activity will be very effective because it would give the opportunity to interact with each other, understand the feeling, thought process, etc. This would help them in building trust and respect for each other thus increasing the cohesion in the group.
• Teens Making a Change (T-MAC): A group for preventing teen delinquency - The session conducted on using role plays to tackle a situation would be very effective to make them understand the solution to a problem clearly and it would also give them practical knowledge on the topic.
• A higher school anger management group - The session conducted on improving communication skills will help the group to identify how ineffective communication can lead to problems, what needs to done, what are the effective communication style and how it can help in avoiding or solving the conflict. These points can be included in any session because effective communication skills help in improving the behavior and thinking ability.
It is important to use group format for the kinds of problems explored in each group because every group is formed keeping in mind different goals. The advantages of using group format are:-
• It helps in planning the session in a step wise format.
• The sessions are conducted in structured way by making group format.
• Group format helps in covering all the topics as per the goal set.
• It helps in timely completion of the group.
• It helps in deciding what is more important to discuss.
The unusual group proposal out of the five group proposals discussed in this chapter is the group for elementary school children of Divorce and Changing families. The reason this can be considered as unusual because sometimes we fail to understand each others' family situation and conduct the session that would benefit the children and the school. This group focuses more on the personal side of the students, their family life, feelings for their parents and what they expect out of them. This group helps in changing their behavior pattern in their personal life that might affect their professional life.

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Guest Speaker. Invite a therapist who conducts groups with children (or adolescents) to your class to discuss how he or she sets up such a group. The speaker could share both the challenges in doing group work with children or adolescents and the unique benefits of group participation.
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The challenges in doing group work with children or adolescent groups are as follows:-
• It would be difficult to make them participate actively in group activities.
• The acceptance level of children or adolescent will be very less for the other members and the speaker.
• Lack of creativity may hamper the progress of the group as they will not be able to express their feelings appropriately.
• Adolescents or children cannot build trust easily so it would be important for the speaker to build rapport, understand them and respect their feelings and thought process.
• Self-disclosure process becomes difficult most of the time because children and adolescent ask direct question to the speaker about his or her personal life. They relate the topics that are being covered in the session to the speaker's personal life. Revealing too many personal information would not be appropriate for the speaker however handling the situation effectively may helps in building trust.
The unique benefits of group participation in children are:-
• It helps in developing skills and knowledge that are very important in professional world.
• Positive group experience helps them to use in day to day life.
• It helps in developing stronger communication skills.
• They can solve the problem easily or complete the take faster than doing it on their own.
• Helps in sharing best practices.
• Helps in resolving differences.
• Helps in building trust and maintain good relationship.

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Review the T-MAC Group Concept. Review the teens making a change group (T-MAC). If you were the director of an agency, or a school principal, what kind of response would you have toward funding and launching this group in your own setting?
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T-MAC group is nothing but Teens Making A Change is a group formed which focus on teen age group individuals and are designed in order to bring changes in their behavior pattern and thought process.
Launching and functioning of group depends on permission or approval from school administration in order to make the program adaptable to school settings. These are the few points that a director or the principal should discuss:-
• It would be important for the principal or school administration to see what benefits or changes such groups can bring to the students and to the school.
• Teacher or parents takes responsibility to nominate the members for T-MAC group.
• Entire classroom along with teacher or counselor can participate in this group.
• The group needs to be designed keeping in mind the total time to complete the sessions.
• The group should include field activity as one of the important task in the group.
• The group needs to abide by the rules and regulation of school.
• Safety measures should also be discussed prior to group activities.
• It would be important to discuss about what needs to be done in order to maintain confidentiality about few things which might be risky. Self-disclosure which may be risky should be kept confidential.
• Parents should also get involved in such activities.

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Groups Offered at Your University Counseling Center. Visit the counseling center at your university or college and inquire about specific kinds of groups that are available. Might you be interested in becoming a member of any of these groups?
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Community Programs. Some class members can visit a school or a community agency where groups are available for children or adolescents. Find out what types of groups are offered, the structure of these groups, and the reactions of the members. Present what you find to your class.
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Design a Group for Children or Adolescents. Break up into small groups in the classroom and work collaboratively to design different kinds of groups for children or adolescents. Each of the subgroups can work on a different kind of group. Identify the specific type of group you would be interested in forming, and brainstorm possible steps for establishing this group. In developing your proposal, consider factors such as type of group, goals and purposes, strategies for recruiting members, format and structure of the group, and methods for evaluating outcomes.
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