Quiz 6: Initial Stage of a Group

Education

During the orientation session or initial session, the group members will have mixed feelings. The members will not open easily with other members. They don't trust the leaders fully and would not be sure whether the attending the group will benefit them. The members will be shy to talk and express their feelings to other members. They will be new to the group environment and will hesitate to express their past experience with the group. They may want a quick resolution to their problem and will not think about others. Leaders' behavior is very important to change the mindset of the members. The members will create the impression of their leader. Once the orientation session will be over, the members will know more about their leaders, about the group, goal of the group, rules and regulations etc. Based on the atmosphere of the group, the members will get adjusted. The members are not sure whom to trust and are learning how to respect others. They will learn how to care about others' feelings and they can get accepted by the group. They will not disclose much about themselves at orientation stage. The leaders' experience will be based on the members experience and the feedback given by them. At the beginning of the orientation session the leader will be focused in giving important information about the group structure and format. The leader will get to know the members and also disclose about them to the members. This is done in order to build trust and confidence in group members. The leader will act responsibly by motivating members to express their feelings. The orientation stage will be challenging for the leaders because they have not build trust of the members completely. They need to extend support and guidance to the members to participate actively. The leader needs to accept feedback from the members positively. The leader should act in a sensible way by working on the feedback so that they can get connected to members easily. The feedback provided at orientation stage also gives the idea what the members expect from the leaders and group therapy.

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• The reservations about the value of groups are only possible if the trust is build. Without trust the group will not perform effectively. The trust is build if members express their feelings with each other, understand their mindset and respect their views and ideas. In order to express their feelings, the members need to know about each other and this can be done by effective self-disclosure process. This can also help them to get accepted easily by the group. • The only fear that members will have from the groups is not maintaining confidentiality about various aspects of their life. Too much self-disclosure will also be risky sometimes. Members come from different cultural backgrounds. Revealing about their personal life to other members might affect them adversely. Thus it is very important to reveal information that is appropriate for the session and ensure that confidentiality is considered strictly. • The experience and learning from the group should help the members to overcome difficult situation in day to day life, implement the learning to handle issues and act positively in difficult situations. • The trust factor can only be build once the members will express feelings with each other, understand each others' needs, resolve conflict appropriately and respect each others' ideas. Once the trust is build members will participate actively in group activities because of cohesion and acceptance of group. There are few things that contribute to trust. They are:- • Members do not fear to express feelings. • Members giving more focus to themselves rather than others. • Revealing personal information in self-disclosure process to connect effectively. • Members will be goal-oriented. Things that contribute to mistrust are:- • Anger and suspicion with members and not expressing their feelings. • Members not clear about their need or too much expressive and does not match to the needs of other members. • Focusing more on their issue and not giving importance to others' concern. • In order to gain trust and connect effectively, members need to participate equally in group activities. Being dominative to other members may not help in building trust and connection. If one member is dominant on the other, the later will not satisfied because they have not expressed their feelings to the other member effectively. Participating collaboratively with the other member will give satisfaction to both. • The member can express their feelings of working together with other member as coleader. They will be happy and satisfied if they have build trust on each other. In order to lead a group, they need to understand each others' ability as a leader, each others' strengths and weaknesses and how they can divide the responsibilities.

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