Quiz 3: Ethical and Legal Issues in Group Counseling


Whenever two or more people get together, they tend to socialize which ultimately leads to gossips and sharing other stuff. Gossips are very common in high schools and students are generally sensitive towards the gossips. It is thus the duty of the leader to take care of gossips and prevent them from spreading and getting deepened. When a leader comes to know about some gossips, then he should take an immediate action to speak privately to the person who is the victim of such gossips. He should provide moral support and take every precaution to avoid the gossip disturb the student mentally. Leader should see that gossips do not take the form of bullying and affect the group harmony and unity. Talking to students privately makes the students develop trust and confidence on the leader. It also helps the leader to get the right information and to find the source of the gossip easily to identify the culprit. The guilty might also feel weird when the leader talks to him in private and may think that it wasn't his entire fault either. Leader should talk to the entire group and tell them about the negative consequences of gossips. Leader should make everyone in the group to clear their misunderstandings and to develop unity among them. Leaders counselling helps the group to promote an atmosphere of respect towards one another.

Confidentiality: It is the most vital aspect of any system or nature of the work. It assures the data to be confidential and private, ensuring complete safety. It would only be only disclosed to the exterior world, with the consent of the concerned people or authority. The aspect of confidentiality plays a pivotal role in the healthcare industry The measures that are required to be taken to ensure confidentiality in a group are as follows: • All group members should be well aware about the importance of ethics and etiquettes, which are to be strictly followed being a part of the group • The authorization should be granted to the limited individuals depending on the protocol and the ability to safeguard the respective data • By framing strict rules and regulations in terms of maintaining the confidentiality and failure to follows must be punishable offence • The flow of data or information must be strictly professional bound rather than disclosing it to the inappropriate or unrelated personnel or departments • The agreements that are signed by the employees or members plays a predominant role in the protection of the confidentiality The member, who broke the confidentiality need to be called for a meeting and try to reveal the reasons behind the failure in maintaining it. It should be evaluated or analyzed whether it is an intentional or unintentional act. Depending upon the result of the analysis, the future course of action upon such employee must be determined. If the broken information involves high intensity confidentiality, the employee must be severely punished so as to make it a standing example for rest of the employees about the strict consequences for not adhering the norms of confidentiality. Otherwise, the employee must be strictly warned and taken a written note guaranteeing acts as such would not be repeated in the mere future.

Person X has been employed as a leader for a high school counselling group who is assigned with the responsibility to report a student who found using drugs to the principle. As a leader of the group, X has the responsibility to abide by the policy of the school. At the same time he has the responsibility to maintain the utmost confidentiality about the student, since drug usage is highly sensitive personal information about a student. Person X has an ethical responsibility to protect the confidentiality of the student by not disclosing it to a third person. Hence X should clearly emphasize the importance of confidentiality to group members. He should provide proper guidance to the group about how to preserve the sensitive information of the student within the group. X should warn the group members not to discuss about any student or disclose their information outside the group. X should explain the consequences that may occur if the drug usage aspect of the student is leaked to others. The legal privilege relating to confidentiality should be explained to the group. The group members should be given clear instructions on how to maintain confidentiality in conveying the information about a student to the principle. Therefore, by maintaining a clear flow of communication and confidentiality X can cope up with the situation.