Human Resource Management Study Set 10

Business

Quiz 3 :

Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

Quiz 3 :

Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

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The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that employers make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities. How might this requirement affect law enforcement officers and firefighters
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ADA, 1990 focuses on the civil rights law which forbids the discrimination done by individuals who are differently abled so that they should be given equal opportunities at every place as the general public.
When it comes to security w.r.t society , firefighters and law enforcement officers play an important role as they put their lives on the stake for the security of the society in terms of all aspects. Therefore, it is in the hands of managers who are supervising these kind of jobs. They need to have a look and analyze the various essential elements from all aspects. Also, when a disabled individual is performing some essential activities and jobs, then he or she has complete right to be hired for that particular position.
On the other end, if one consider job analysis, they can come across several tasks of these kind of jobs which is characterized as an important element.
For instance: It is very important for all the firefighters to exercise CPR(Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and whereas some tasks are considered as marginal function. Hence, for such kind of critical jobs disabled individuals need to be selected until and unless their disability is very marginal or limited.
Hence, the applicants need to be able to prove their ability for performing the duties of the job that they apply to. One can conclude that the ADA should be able to help those kind of employees who have proven their ability that satisfies the job functions.Also, the ADA must provide support for getting hired and for sustaining their jobs.

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For each of the following situations, identify one or more constitutional amendments, laws, or executive orders that might apply: A. A veteran of the Vietnam conflict experiences lower-back pain after sitting for extended periods of time. He has applied for promotion to a supervisory position that has traditionally involved spending most of the workday behind a desk. Student responses may vary. However, the responses provided should predominately include the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. B. One of two female workers on a road construction crew complains to her supervisor that she feels uncomfortable during breaks, because other employees routinely tell off-color jokes. Student responses may vary. However the responses provided should predominately focus on sexual harassment issues especially that of a hostile working environment. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act addresses this area. C. A manager at an architectural firm receives a call from a local newspaper. The reporter wonders how the firm wishes to respond to calls from two of its employees alleging racial discrimination. About half of the firm's employees (including all of its partners and most of its architects) are white. One of the firm's clients is the federal government.
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The Constitutional Laws of the United States refers to a body of Laws that govern the interpretation and implementation of the Constitution. Article Six establishes the all the federal laws and the constitution according to the supreme law, and all the judges of the states in the United States are bound to follow these laws.
The Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA), 1974 provides assistance to returning Vietnam veterans and also protects them from discrimination in employment.
The Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, 1964 applies to the situation, which is a federal law that forbids from discrimination of sex, color, race or religion against employees. It applies to the company's having 15 or more employees.
The Executive Order 11246 which was issued on September 24, 1965, by President Lyndon B. Johnson to forbid employment discrimination against race, color, religion, etc.

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OSHA penalties are aimed at employers, rather than employees. How does this affect employee safety
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OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration which is stated under the OSH Act, to regulate a safe and healthy environment at the workplace.
If the OSHA is violated willfully and someone is affected or is hurt then criminal penalties are taken against the employer and if an accident occurs unknowingly, a certain fine is imposed on the employer. There are penalties imposed by the Organization Safety and Health Act. If the employer violates the laws under OSHA or repeatedly performs the same activity which is against the health and safety of the employees they can be penalized with $70,000 to $124,709. However, the employers should apply and follow the guidelines to ensure a healthy and safe environment for the workers.

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What would have been a legal way to handle the situations described here
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Do you agree with the idea that workplace safety and health are an important concern for offices, not just manufacturing and construction sites Why or why not
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Compare the behavior described in this case with the chapter's description of sex discrimination and sexual harassment. Does EMC see to have violated any laws If so, which ones and how
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For each of the following occupations, identify at least one possible hazard and at least one action employers could take to minimize the risk of an injury or illness related to that hazard. A. Worker in a fast-food restaurant B. Computer programmer C. Truck driver D. House painter
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Imagine that you are an HR manager at EMC. Recommend two actions that the company can take to avoid sex discrimination lawsuits in the future. Explain how your recommendations will help EMC's business performance.
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For each situation in the preceding question, what actions, if any, should the organization take
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To identify instances of sexual harassment, the courts may use a "reasonable woman" standard of what constitutes offensive behavior. This standard is based on the idea that women and men have different ideas of what behavior is appropriate. What are the implications of this distinction Do you think this distinction is helpful or harmful Why
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Given that the "reasonable woman" standard referred to in Question 5 is based on women's ideas of what is appropriate, how might an organization with mostly male employees identify and avoid behavior that could be found to be sexual harassment
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How can human resource management help create an environment that promotes ethical treatment of diverse coworkers and discourages harassment.
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Can EMC continue to sell as aggressively yet avoid charges of sexual harassment and sexual discrimination If so, how If not, why not, and how should it resolve this conflict
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What is the role of each branch of the federal government with regard to equal employment opportunity
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Should HR managers raise the issue of healthy offices, or should they wait for employees to complain about specific problems Why
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What are an organization's basic duties under the Occupational Safety and Health Act
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Can a commitment to ethics make illegal behavior less likely How does this example illustrate the legal risks of failing to create an ethical climate
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How can organizations motivate employees to promote safety and health in the workplace
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In each of the examples given, how did the employer allegedly discriminate What actions, as described, were wrong
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