ADA, 1990 focuses on the civil rights law which forbids the discrimination done by individuals who are differently abled so that they should be given equal opportunities at every place as the general public.
When it comes to security w.r.t society , firefighters and law enforcement officers play an important role as they put their lives on the stake for the security of the society in terms of all aspects. Therefore, it is in the hands of managers who are supervising these kind of jobs. They need to have a look and analyze the various essential elements from all aspects. Also, when a disabled individual is performing some essential activities and jobs, then he or she has complete right to be hired for that particular position.
On the other end, if one consider job analysis, they can come across several tasks of these kind of jobs which is characterized as an important element.
For instance: It is very important for all the firefighters to exercise CPR(Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and whereas some tasks are considered as marginal function. Hence, for such kind of critical jobs disabled individuals need to be selected until and unless their disability is very marginal or limited.
Hence, the applicants need to be able to prove their ability for performing the duties of the job that they apply to. One can conclude that the ADA should be able to help those kind of employees who have proven their ability that satisfies the job functions.Also, the ADA must provide support for getting hired and for sustaining their jobs.
The Constitutional Laws of the United States refers to a body of Laws that govern the interpretation and implementation of the Constitution. Article Six establishes the all the federal laws and the constitution according to the supreme law, and all the judges of the states in the United States are bound to follow these laws.
The Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA), 1974 provides assistance to returning Vietnam veterans and also protects them from discrimination in employment.
The Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, 1964 applies to the situation, which is a federal law that forbids from discrimination of sex, color, race or religion against employees. It applies to the company's having 15 or more employees.
The Executive Order 11246 which was issued on September 24, 1965, by President Lyndon B. Johnson to forbid employment discrimination against race, color, religion, etc.
OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration which is stated under the OSH Act, to regulate a safe and healthy environment at the workplace.
If the OSHA is violated willfully and someone is affected or is hurt then criminal penalties are taken against the employer and if an accident occurs unknowingly, a certain fine is imposed on the employer. There are penalties imposed by the Organization Safety and Health Act. If the employer violates the laws under OSHA or repeatedly performs the same activity which is against the health and safety of the employees they can be penalized with $70,000 to $124,709. However, the employers should apply and follow the guidelines to ensure a healthy and safe environment for the workers.