Business Law Study Set 1

Business

Quiz 50 :
Environmental Law and Land Use Controls

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Quiz 50 :
Environmental Law and Land Use Controls

Suits against polluters may come from all three of the sources mentioned. A property owner who is hurt by pollution from a source such as a factory which wasn't in compliance with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, and the EPA didn't do anything, the owner may sue the EPA to enforce the standards. Also the state where the polluter is located may sue the polluter for violating state statutes. And, citizens hurt by the polluter can sue the polluter directly under common law or statutes. Thus, the answer is a.

The Clean Air Act is a law to reduce the deteriorating conditions of air pollution. Under the act a new company wishing to establish a factory will have to apply for a permit from their state. Under the emissions offset policy the factory will have to follow standards such as having the best pollution controls, be in compliance with emission standards, and must offset pollution in other areas. Since, the factory will be a polluting source they won't be able to offset pollution. Thus, the factor will have to purchase pollution permit from another business, which has a permit to pollute a certain amount, through cap and trade.

The Superfund Act holds those liable for a hazardous waste site to pay into a fund required for its clean up. I) Current owners or operators of a hazardous waste site would need to pay into a fund, even if they weren't the cause of it. II) The transporter of the waste would also be liable. III). the original owners of the site responsible for the hazardous waste would also be liable. Thus, all three are liable, the an swer is d.

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