Quiz 13: Coding Digestive Conditions

Medicine

Introduction: Respiratory conditions describe the disorder that can threaten a patient's quality of life. Patients suffering from the respiratory disorder have difficulty breathing, thereby reducing the amount of oxygen taken in during inspiration. The following are the types of respiratory conditions: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, and pulmonary embolism The differences between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, and pulmonary embolism are as follows: img Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, and pulmonary embolism are types of respiratory condition. These diseases can be differentiated on the basis of the cause of infection, affected area, and symptoms associated with the disease.

Respiratory disorders affecta patient's quality of life. The patients suffering from respiratory disorders experience difficulty in breathing. Breathing is the physical process of bringing oxygen into the body and getting rid of carbon dioxide. Respiratory disorders can be genetic but, respiratory problems can also arise from various other conditions such as congenital, environmental, infection, trauma, lifestyle behaviors, and other body problems. Hence, the option (a) is not the correct answer. Environmental conditions can cause respiratory disorders but, congenital, genetic, infection, and lifestyle behaviors are some other factors that may also cause respiratory disorders. Hence, the option (b) is not the correct answer. Congenital is one of the conditions that can result in respiratory disorders. The other conditions are environmental, genetic, trauma, infection, manifestation and lifestyle behaviors Hence, the option (c) is not the correct answer. Respiratory disorders can arise from any of the following conditions: genetic (problem inherited from family members), environmental (a diseasecaused by an air surrounding an individual), and congenital (problem started during the formation of the fetus in the womb of the mother). Respiratory disorders can be genetic, environmental, or congenital. Hence, the correct answer is option (d).

Asthma is a common type of respiratory condition. The symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, trouble sleeping, chest tightness, and coughing. Exposure to various irritants and substance that trigger allergies may cause symptoms of asthma. Asthma is one of the three kinds of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Status asthmaticus is a condition of asthma that is life-threatening and does not respond to therapeutic treatments. According to ICD-9-CM coding guidelines, chapter 8, code 493 is used to report asthma. The other complications associated with asthma are also required to be specified. Code 493.2 is used to report chronic obstructive asthma. The fifth digit is also required to report whether the condition is unspecified (0), with status asthmaticus (1), and acute exacerbation (2). For example, when the diagnostic report includes both status asthmaticus and acute exacerbation of asthma, only one code 493.22 which is associated with status asthmaticus should be assigned. Asthma is reported by code 493. Code493.2 indicates chronic obstructive asthma. The fifth digit of the code is determined by associated conditions such as 0 for unspecified, 1 for status asthmaticus and 2 for acute exacerbation.