The Complete Diagnosis Coding Book
Quiz 11 :
Coding Cardiovascular Conditions
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection is a severe and dangerous illness that carries a sizeable societal stigma. Any organism that is suspected of having HIV should essentially be tested. The guidelines for the diagnoses of HIV should be followed in a way that initially the general coding guidelines for a particular disease is followed by a physician. Then, the physician must follow the selection of principal diagnoses. There should also the reporting of additional diagnoses in the notes of medical coding of the physician. Therefore, by sequentially following these steps, the guidelines for the coding of diagnoses can be applied for HIV.
Infectious diseases are transmitted from an infected individual to the other through touch, cough, sneeze, blood transfusion, and so on. An infection can be spread by physical contact, exchange of bodily fluids, touching a surface, such as counter or doorknob. So, all options are correct. Therefore, option d is correct. Reason for the correct statement: Infectious diseases are spread by physical contacts, such as a handshake or an exchange of bodily fluids through sexual contact. Other infectious diseases can spread by touching doorknob or counter handled by someone having an infectious disease. Hence, option d is correct. Reasons for the incorrect statements: Option a is given as, "physical contact." The infectious diseases spread by physical contact involve common cold, flu, and so on. The given statement is true, but it is not complete because infectious diseases are also spread by exchange of bodily fluids and touching doorknob or counter surface. Option b is given as, "exchange of bodily fluids." The infectious diseases spread by exchange of bodily fluids include HIV, hepatitis B, and so on. The given statement is correct, but it is not complete because infectious diseases are also spread by physical contact and touching doorknob or counter surface. Option c is given as, "Touching a surface, such as a counter or a doorknob." The infectious diseases are also spread by touching a contaminated surface that has been handled by someone with the infection. The given option is correct, but it is not complete because the foodborne bacterial infection is also caused by red meat and dairy products. Hence, options a , b , and c are incorrect. The infection spreads from all of the options given as physical contact, exchange of bodily fluids, and touching the surface of counter or doorknob.
The infectious diseases are those which are spread through personal contacts such as the exchange of body fluids and handshake. These diseases can also spread by touch. The correct coding for testing and test results for particular infectious diseases should be done in a way that initially the specific code should be provided by the physician upon the exposure of the patient to any contagious disease. The special screening should follow it for the particular infectious disease in the second visit of the patient. After that, a specific additional code should be provided for the diagnoses of infectious diseases. Therefore, by following these steps sequentially, correct coding for the testing and test results of infectious diseases can be done.