The Complete Diagnosis Coding Book

Medicine

Quiz 10 :

Coding Conditions of the Optical and Auditory Systems

Quiz 10 :

Coding Conditions of the Optical and Auditory Systems

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The perinatal period runs
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The birth of the child is described through various terms and phases. The standard terms used are neonate, perinatal, antenatal, infant and so on. These phases depend on the period starting from the implantation to birth and even during the development of the child.
The perinatal period runs from birth to 28 th day after birth. Therefore, option b. is correct.
Reason for the correct statement:
Perinatal is the term used for the time around the birth of the child. It begins from birth and continues till the 4th week of the birth (28 days).
Hence, option b. is correct.
Reasons for the incorrect statements:
Option a. is given as, "from the time of conception to birth."
Congenital abnormalities are the defects that can occur in the newborn like a failure of the closing of foramen ovale, ductus arteriosus and so on.
Option c. is given as, "From birth to 60 days after birth."
The type of birth does not infer significant clinical information as it does not attribute to the presence or absence of any complication.
Option d. is given as, "From birth to 24 months of age."
The maternal condition that affects neonates are diseases like HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C and so on.
Hence, options a. , c. , and d. are incorrect.
The phase when the fetus is born, to about 1 to 4 weeks after the birth, is referred to as the perinatal period.

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An infant is considered premature when born prior to
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Premature babies are the ones who are born before their estimated date. Such babies can have poor development process due to the incomplete gestation time. The associated conditions are improper lung development, poor feeding, and slower weight gain.
The babies, who are born before 37 weeks of gestation, are termed as premature babies. Therefore, option c. is correct.
Reason for the correct statement:
The babies, who are born before 37 weeks of gestation, have poor development due to the incomplete gestation period. This can be seen through a poor weight gain and thus, these babies are called premature and require special care after birth.
Hence, the option c. is correct.
Reasons for the incorrect statements:
Option a. is given as, "40 weeks of gestation."
The babies who are born after 37 weeks of gestation are not premature babies.
Option b. is given as, "30 weeks of gestation."
The babies are considered premature when they are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Therefore, the criterion for premature babies is taking birth before 37 weeks, not 30 weeks.
Option d. is given as, "28 weeks of gestation."
The babies are considered premature when they are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Therefore, the criteria for premature babies is before 37 weeks, not 28 weeks.
Hence, options a. , b. , and d. are incorrect.
The gestation period for human babies is 40 weeks, and the babies who are born before 37 weeks of gestation are termed as premature babies.

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Correctly code the infant's birth.
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The birth chart contains information in the codes that are standardized by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). These codes help to decipher the details about the birth of the child.
The very first codes for the childbirth are categorized from V30-V39. They infer details about the live born infants based on the type of birth. The "V" code represenets that the newborn baby is being dealt and treated by a medical practitioner and therefore it is the principle code. The following is the example of the codes that are depicted on the chart of the newborn:
The codes V30 indicates single liveborn. The subcodes for V30 represents the following:
• V30.0: born in the hospital.
• V30.1: born before admission to the hospitail
• V30.2: born outside hospital and not hospitalized.
The very first codes that are presented on the chart of the new born are V30-V39 which provides all the information regarding the type of birth, place of birth, birth weight and so on.

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Differentiate between the mother's chart and the baby's chart.
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Apgar is
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Distinguish between neonatal and perinatal.
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A baby born weighing less than 2,500 grams is termed
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The first code on a baby's chart is
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To code the type of birth, you must know all the following except
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Accurately code clinically significant conditions.
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Distinguish between congenital and childhood conditions.
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When a congenital condition has been resolved, it is coded
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A congenital anomaly is known commonly as a
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Apply guidelines for coding observation and evaluation for an infant.
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An infant diagnosed with septicemia is coded from the code category
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A routine well-baby checkup is coded as a(n)
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