Quiz 7: Communicating Interculturally: Becoming Competent


New immigrants and refugees: • The immigrants and refugees change their places every year due to economic downfall, security and social reasons, natural disasters, economic betterment and individuals deracinate themselves from their homes and start new life in an alien and hostile milieu. The immigrants and refugees consists of provisional sojourners such as military personnel, diplomats, other intergovernmental company employees, peace corps volunteers, researchers, students, artists, athletes, construction workers and others who search employment in foreign countries. • These people are called as pioneers of the society because they start new frontiers and they face temporary and drastic challenges to start a new life.

Types of defense mechanisms that are needed to employ immigrants and refugees are given below: • Due to variances in the degree of adaptive demands, most of the individuals stay in foreign land and start life as strangers. • Most of the formerly held beliefs, their assumptions and routine behaviors are not appropriate and they do not follow the culture of the particular area and get involved in the area. • The process of learning new way techniques, thinking, feelings are called acculturation • The experience of enculturation and acculturation produces stress and often cope with dilemmatic state through multiple defensive mechanisms such as hostility, avoidance, withdrawal, denial, and selective attention.

Stress in adaption process: • The stress is a part and package of stranger's growth experiences and adaption for a period of time. These elements determine the stranger's psychological movement. • The "stress adaption- growth dynamics" plays a major role in linear progression in a cyclic and continual "draw - back -to leap pattern" similar to the movement of wheel. • Every stressful is reflected as draw back and then trigger adaptive power to assist strangers identify themselves and leap forward. • This internal technique reproduces dialectic association between acculturation and enculturation.