Quiz 8 :
Reentry and Community Supervision
Mandatory release: Mandatory release from incarceration of prison inmate enforces after the expiration of specified period of time. This period would be stipulated in the parole guideline. After the expiration of particular period, a prison inmate will move to community supervision Ways the mandatory release affect the corrections system: Mandatory release is a method to interpret the accuracy of sentence. Upon the mandatory release, a prison inmate move to community supervision, which means the prison inmate, is not fully free from the punishment under this release. Mandatory release also provides a chance to a prison inmate to testify his or her reformation in the criminal behavior. It means mandatory release is an effective tool to understand the effectiveness of punishment. The prison inmate should be incarcerated once he or she executes another crime in the period of mandatory release. Hence, it is an effective method to understand the effectiveness and drawback of the corrections system. Therefore, these are the ways the mandatory release affect the corrections system. Ways the corrections adjust with the discretion of parole boards and judges: Parole board and its judgment have tremendous effect on the correction of a prisoner. The decision of parole board will help a prisoner to reduce his or her period of punishment. Hence, corrections can be modified with the discretion of parole board and its judges. It is based on the institutional record and past record of prisoner. However, the decision is purely based on the discretion of the parole board. These are the ways the corrections adjust with the discretion of parole boards and judges.
Factors to be considered by the parole board while evaluates release of the prisoner: Release from incarceration to community supervision of a prison inmate is based on the order of parole board. Parole board is the authority to take decision regards to the release of prisoners. The decision of parole board is as per the parole guideline regards to release. Before release an inmate, parole board will release a formal statement regards to the criteria for making decision. It normally contains eight factors. They are given below; • Nature and situation of offence and present attitude of prisoner towards the offence • Prior criminal record of prisoner before the cause happens for present sentence. • Attitude of the prisoner towards victim, family, and authority • Code of conduct as well as nature of participation in the institution and self-improvement in the period of punishment • Prisoner's past record in community adjustment. • Physical, emotional, and mental health of the prisoner • Insight of the prisoner towards past conduct of criminal activity • Adequacy of parole plan
Attitude of an individual as a member of parole board towards the prisoner for release: Here, an individual serves as a member of parole board and he or she confronted a man who served six years sentence for a murder. This person has good institutional record and he or she also believes that this person would not be a threat for the safety of the community. In this situation, an individual as a parole board member is ready to sanction release with community supervision by considering the factors of the release. As per the factors of release, he is free from any kind of allegation and also has good institutional record at present. It means the code of conduct of a person is favorable as per the factors of parole board. Hence, parole board has to grand sanction for his release based on the present condition of prisoner. However, he must be again incarcerated once he becomes a threat to the safety of the society. This is the attitude of an individual towards the man for release as a member of parole board.