Quiz 5: Probation Supervision

Criminal Justice

Probation: The court's sentence describes that the offender is permitted to serve the penalized period under the supervision in the community. The offender may also serve the sentence period under the supervision of any kind of probation agency, which is out of prison. There is a term shock or split probation which denotes that the offender is sentenced to serve a short period of incarceration. Further, they are resentenced to the normal probation. Nature of probation: Probation is a method of punishment relaxation used by law enforcement agencies towards offenders. It is granted to offenders who change their criminal behavior in the period of imprisonment. This positive change of an offender has to be understood by court. Then, court will issue an order for probation as per the terms and conditions. It provides relaxation from sentencing and allows public engagement. However, offender remains under the close supervision of probation officer. Hence, probation is an effective method of community correction. The following are the ways by which the use of probation system affects the corrections system: Probation is a form of correction. This method falls under the executive branch of law. Moreover, state is the authority that enforces the law of probation. State fixes standards and provides financial support for probation. State also has the right to amend probation standards. Hence, state is responsible for the probation services. The offenders need not stay in prison, if they are sentenced to probation. Due to this, they have freedom and opportunity to become good citizens. It is also reduces the cost of the prison and law enforcement agencies. However, they should behave in a good manner in the public. They should not use alcohol and other drugs during the probation period. If they overcome the rules of probation terms, the probation will be cancelled and the offender may be locked in the prison again. Locking the first time offenders within the prison will allow him to create contact with the high offenders and it will influence them to commit further crime. In contrast to this, the probation teaches a good lesson to the offenders and would make them good citizens. The following are the reasons for which the probation system is used too extensively: • Probation is used so extensively to reduce the overcrowding in the prison • Probation will reduce the cost of prison administration. The construction and maintenance of the prison is costly and the creative activities are spoiled because the government spends more in jail administration. • The offenders will not meet the risky offenders and they will not influence the offenders who commit the crime first time.

Probation: The court's sentence describes that the offender is permitted to serve the penalized period under the supervision in the community. The offender may also serve the sentence period under the supervision of any kind of probation agency, which is out of prison. There is a term shock or split probation which denotes that the offender is sentenced to serve a short period of incarceration. Further, they are resentenced to the normal probation. Presentence investigation: The key functions of probation officers are investigation and supervision. Here, investigation typically involves the preparation of presentence investigation (PSI). Judge will use this PSI report in sentencing criminals. The PSI is a summary report based on the investigation of background of an offender who is convicted. This report helps the judge to decide proper sentence for the offender based on the crime committed by him. The following are the ways by which the presentenced investigation report affects accountability for the sentence that is imposed: The probation officers collect the background information by interviewing the offender. To confirm, clarify, or for additional information they may investigate the relevant person before the date of judgment. The report evaluates the offender and regularly recommends a sentence. The presentence investigating gives an importance to find the factor that influences the offender to commence the criminal activity. The probation officers are also investigating the offender's education, family details, employment history, and friends' details. It creates an impact on the sentence. The motivation factor identified through the investigation may cause to change the decision of the judge. Hence, the presentenced investigation has more accountability in the sentence decision.

Probation: The court's sentence describes that the offender is permitted to serve the penalized period under the supervision in the community. The offender may also serve the sentence period under the supervision of any kind of probation agency, which is out of prison. There is a term shock or split probation which denotes that the offender is sentenced to serve a short period of incarceration. Further, they are resentenced to the normal probation. Functions of probation: The key functions of probation officers are investigation and supervision. Here, investigation typically involves the preparation of presentence investigation (PSI). Judge will use this PSI report to sentencing criminals. The following are the ways by which the functions of probation can be organized effectively: • The probation officer investigates about the offender for special problems like circumstances, needs, or other factors that leads to commence the criminal activity. • The factors should be investigated in a careful way and the community influence should be considered before reporting. • The investigation should clearly analyze whether the offender is risky to community if the court release him in the probation period. • The probation officer should act within the time limit to complete the investigation before the final judgment date. • The probation officer should create better relationship to obtain correct information from the offender. • The supervision of characteristics, behavior, and attitude helps to determine about the offender. The comment of judge towards the proposal of Mr. X: Mr. X investigates an offender and provides the presentenced investigation report for taking the final decision. The judge reviews the report before taking the final decision and confirms the report with the offender by asking questions. During the discussion, judge says that the report is very useful to take decision. Fact of the report helps the judge to provide rehabilitation judgment to the offender. The comment of department of corrections towards the proposal of Mr. X: The department of correction comments that the PSI report based judgment is a violation of the law. The judgment should be equal to all and it should not be based on any other personal factors.