Quiz 3 :
Probation and Intermediate Sanctions
Intermediate sanction: Intermediate sanction is a form of punishment used in the criminal justice. It is also known as intermediate punishment, which are stricter than traditional probation, but less strict than prison. It is a combination of jail and probation. Intermediate punishments are delivered throughout various programs like fine or penalties, intensive supervision, electronic monitoring, boot camps and middle houses. Intermediate sanction can perform in better ways, like improving of the experimentation period and way of avoiding negatives or demerits of imprisonment. Firstly discuss about the probation activities. Probation is a period or situation of time in which a person who has devoted a crime is permitted to stay out of the jail. It will be granted only if that person behaves well and does not commit any other crimes. Actually it is not a strict punishment to the offenders. The authorities can improve the activities of the probation by avoiding the limitations of probation. Another way of the betterment of intermediate sanction is avoiding the negative aspects of imprisonment. It simply means any person who committed a crime is allowed to stay in prison. The imprisonment has many positives and negatives. Removal of criminals from society, punishments are scaled in an effective manner and punishments remain constant are the positives of the imprisonment. On the mother hand prison does not rehabilitate, great expense to taxpayers and additional prisons are needed are some of the negatives of the imprisonment. Determine the betterment of the intermediate sanctions: The above mentioned are the two ways for the betterment of intermediate sanctions. Providing good probation activities and avoiding the negatives of imprisonment leads to the betterment of the intermediate sanctions. It states that including varieties of punishment, restructuring the system of prisons like official and non-official and also adopting socio cultural activities helps to the improvement of intermediate sanction.
Intermediate sanction: Intermediate sanction is a form of punishment used in the criminal justice method. Intermediate punishments are strict when compared to traditional probation, and are lenient to that of a prison. It is a combination of jail and probation. Intermediate punishments are delivered throughout a various programs like fine or penalties, intensive supervision, electronic monitoring, boot camps and middle houses. New agencies as alternative to intermediate sanction: Now the intermediate sanctions, which are run by the new agencies, are serving as the alternative for that. Traditional probation and jail systems are followed by the old intermediate sanction. It had many limitations while using in a practical sense. The main demerit is the availability of time. The probation officer cannot get proper time for treating offenders in good manner. Probation leaders are responsible to develop new intermediate sanction programs and expanding old methods. While adopting new programs, automatically the surveillance and control get increased. The older programs are often revamped to become more expanded and efficient to fit more probationers. The newly adopted programs are as follows: • Day reporting (treatment) centers • Intensive supervision • Home confinement • Electronic monitoring • Pretrial diversion • Fines • Forfeiture, and • Community service and restitution. These are the new model or programs adopting in probation for the improvement of intermediate sanction.
Corrections: Correction means punishment or retribution given by an authority to a person who has committed a crime. It is for the purpose of correcting an individual's mistakes or bringing him under legal subjection. It may be directed by parents or legal authority. C State's probation subsidy program: C State's probation subsidy program began in July 1966. C state was facing with increased population in its institutions for criminals. The C State's youth authority has taken initiative in conducting surveys about the probation practices adopted throughout the state. It was instrumental in preparing the legislation which led to probation subsidy programs. Subsidy program began and passed smoothly and successfully. Underlying legislation believed that probation is the cheapest correctional option accessible. If there are large number of cases, it is efficient in providing outcomes. The probation subsidy program was passed by the legislature and they formed the following four goals: • To increase the safety afforded the citizen of this state • To allow a more even administration of justice • To rehabilitate criminals • To reduce the necessity for commitment of person to state correctional institution. The subsidy programs provide state fund to the development of adequate probation services. In the past years, these types of funds were used to incarcerate offenders at the state level and issuing subsequent parole supervision.