# Quiz 1: Whole Numbers

Mathematics

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Consider the number: 6573. So, the digits for the period or group: Thousands are 6 and ones are 573.

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Given number is 9205. We can write the number in words as nine thousand, two hundred five.

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Consider the number: 36,215. So, the digits for the period or group: Thousands are 36 and ones are 215.

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Q 7Q 7

Write the digits for the given period or group in each number.
1,768,710,618
billions
millions
thousands
ones

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Q 40Q 40

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Judy Martinez collects the following monthly rents from the tenants in her fourplex: $485, $500, $515, and $425. After she pays expenses of $785, how much does she have left
Estimate:
Exact:

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Q 42Q 42

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
The major producer of ethanol made from corn is the United States. If 374 gallons of ethanol can be produced from the corn grown on one acre of land, how many acres are needed to produce 86,394 gallons. ( Source: Earth Policy Institute.)
Estimate:
Exact:

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Q 44Q 44

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Sadie Simms paid $528 for tires, $195 for brakes, and $235 for a timing belt. If this money was withdrawn from her bank account, which had a beginning balance of $1906, find her new balance.
Estimate:
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Q 46Q 46

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
The technicians at a chicken ranch identify the sex of 48 baby chicks each minute for 4 hours in the morning and 36 baby chicks each minute for 3 hours in the afternoon. Find the total number of baby chicks identified. ( Source: Discovery Channel, Dirty Jobs. )
Estimate:
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Q 48Q 48

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Explain in your own words the rules for rounding numbers. Give an example of rounding a number to the nearest ten-thousand.

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Q 50Q 50

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
List the six steps for solving application problems

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Q 120Q 120

Round each number to the nearest ten, nearest hundred, and nearest thousand. Remember to round from the original number.
3487

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Q 121Q 121

Round each number to the nearest ten, nearest hundred, and nearest thousand. Remember to round from the original number.
20,065

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Q 122Q 122

Round each number to the nearest ten, nearest hundred, and nearest thousand. Remember to round from the original number.
98,201

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Q 123Q 123

Round each number to the nearest ten, nearest hundred, and nearest thousand. Remember to round from the original number.
352,118

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Q 138Q 138

The bar graph shows the number of parents out of 100 surveyed who nag their children about performing certain household chores.
How many parents nagged their children about washing hands after using the bathroom

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Q 139Q 139

The bar graph shows the number of parents out of 100 surveyed who nag their children about performing certain household chores.
Find the number of parents who nagged their children about taking shoes off when coming inside.

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Q 140Q 140

The bar graph shows the number of parents out of 100 surveyed who nag their children about performing certain household chores.
Which household chore was nagged about by the greatest number of parents How many were there

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Q 141Q 141

The bar graph shows the number of parents out of 100 surveyed who nag their children about performing certain household chores.
Which household chore was nagged about by the least number of parents How many did this

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Q 142Q 142

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Bank of America processes 40 million checks each day. Find the number of checks processed by the bank in a year. Use a 365-day year. ( Source: Bank of America.)
Estimate:
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Q 143Q 143

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
A pulley on an evaporative cooler turns 1400 revolutions per minute. How many revolutions will the pulley turn in 60 minutes
Estimate:
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Q 144Q 144

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
The two most populated states are California, with 37,341,989 people, and Texas, with 25,268,418. Find the difference in population. ( Source: U.S. Census Bureau.)
Estimate:
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Q 145Q 145

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
The two least populated states are Alaska, with a population of 721,523, and Wyoming, with a population of 568,300. How many more people does Alaska have than Wyoming ( Source: U.S. Census Bureau.)
Estimate:
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Q 146Q 146

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
The mechanic tells Kara Jantzi that the transmission on her Ford Escape has blown up. The cost of a new transaxle is $2633, labor is 8 hours at $90 per hour, and the sales tax is $230. Find the total cost to replace her transmission. ( Source: Undisclosed auto repair shop.)
Estimate:
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Q 147Q 147

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Moving to new home, Scott Samon rented a U-haul truck for $55 plus $2 per mile. After completing the move, the odometer shows that he has driven the truck 89 miles. Find the cost of the truck rental.
Estimate:
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Q 148Q 148

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Find the total cost if SUBWAY buys 32 baking ovens at $1538 each and 28 warming ovens at $887 each.
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Q 149Q 149

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
A newspaper carrier has 62 customers who take the paper daily and 21 customers who take the paper on weekends only. A daily customer pays $16 per month and a weekend-only customer pays $7 per month. Find the total monthly collections.
Estimate:
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Q 150Q 150

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
This holiday season, the average amount consumers plan to spend on holiday shopping for others is $620. If they plan to spend $107 on holiday shopping for themselves, how much more do they plan to spend on others than themselves ( Source: National Retail Federation.)
Estimate:
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Q 151Q 151

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Rachel Leach pays $520 for rent and $385 for her car payment. If she started with $1924 in her bank account, how much remains in her account
Estimate:
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Q 152Q 152

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
A food canner uses 1 pound of pork for every 175 cans of pork and beans. How many pounds of pork are needed for 8750 cans
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Q 153Q 153

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
A stamping machine produces 986 license plates each hour. How long will it take to produce 32,538 license plates
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Q 154Q 154

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Nitrogen sulfate is used in farming to enrich nitrogen-poor soil. If 625 pounds of nitrogen sulfate are spread per acre, how many acres can be spread with 32,500 pounds of nitrogen sulfate
Estimate:
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Q 155Q 155

Solve each application problem. First use front end rounding to estimate the answer. Then find the exact answer.
Each home in a subdivision requires 180 feet of fencing. Find the number of homes that can be fenced with 5760 feet of fencing material.
Estimate:
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Q 186Q 186

Solve each application problem
There are 52 playing cards in a deck. How many cards are there in nine decks

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Q 187Q 187

Solve each application problem
A group of neighbors in Salem, Oregon founded an organization known as Salem Harvest. Picking fruits and vegetables to be distributed to those in need, 1700 volunteers picked 31 pounds of produce each. How many pounds did the volunteers pick ( Source: AARP Magazine.)

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Q 188Q 188

Solve each application problem
Push-type gasoline-powered lawn mowers cost $100 less than self-propelled mowers that you walk behind. If a self-propelled mower costs $380, find the cost of a push-type mower.

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Q 189Q 189

Solve each application problem
The Country Day School wants to raise $218,450 to construct and equip a computer lab. If $103,815 has already been raised, how much more is needed

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Q 190Q 190

American River Raft Rentals lists the following daily raft rental fees. Notice that there is an additional $2 launch fee payable to the park system for each raft rented. Use this information to solve
On a recent Tuesday the following rafts were rented: 6 4-person; 15 6-person; 10 10-person; 3 12-person; and 2 16-person. Find the total receipts, including the $2 per-raft launch fee.

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Q 191Q 191

American River Raft Rentals lists the following daily raft rental fees. Notice that there is an additional $2 launch fee payable to the park system for each raft rented. Use this information to solve
On the 4th of July the following rafts were rented: 38 4-person; 73 6-person; 58 10-person; 34 12-person; and 18 16-person. Find the total receipts, including the $2 per-raft launch fee.

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Q 192Q 192

1 World Trade Center will be the tallest building in the United States and one ofthe world's giants. The world's tallest building is the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The pictogram below shows the height, in feet, of some of the tallest buildings in the world. Use the information to solve
How much taller is the Burj Dubai than the Empire State Building

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Q 193Q 193

1 World Trade Center will be the tallest building in the United States and one ofthe world's giants. The world's tallest building is the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The pictogram below shows the height, in feet, of some of the tallest buildings in the world. Use the information to solve
How much taller will 1 WTC in New York be than the Petronas Tower in Malaysia

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Q 194Q 194

1 World Trade Center will be the tallest building in the United States and one ofthe world's giants. The world's tallest building is the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The pictogram below shows the height, in feet, of some of the tallest buildings in the world. Use the information to solve
(a) What is the combined height of all the buildings shown
(b) Is the combined height of these six buildings greater or less than two miles How much greater or less than two miles
( Hint: 1 mile = 5280 feet.)

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Q 195Q 195

1 World Trade Center will be the tallest building in the United States and one ofthe world's giants. The world's tallest building is the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The pictogram below shows the height, in feet, of some of the tallest buildings in the world. Use the information to solve
The height of the Willis Tower in Chicago is equivalent to the length of how many football fields ( Hint: A football field is 100 yards long and 1 yard = 3 feet.)

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Q 196Q 196

Choose the letter of the correct response.
The digit in the hundreds place in the whole number 3065 is
(a) 5
(b) 3
(c) 0
(d) 6

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Q 197Q 197

Choose the letter of the correct response.
The digit in the ten-thousands place in the whole number 134,681 is
(a) 6
(b) 3
(c) 8
(d) 1

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Q 198Q 198

Write the digit for the given place value in each whole number. See Examples 1 and 2.
18,015 ten-thousands hundreds
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 199Q 199

Write the digit for the given place value in each whole number. See Examples 1 and 2.
86,332 ten-thousands ones
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 200Q 200

Write the digit for the given place value in each whole number. See Examples 1 and 2.
7,628,592,183 millions thousands
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 201Q 201

Write the digit for the given place value in each whole number. See Examples 1 and 2.
1,700,225,016 billions millions
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 202Q 202

Identify the correct period.
Write the digits in the thousands period in the whole number 552,687,318.

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Q 203Q 203

Identify the correct period.
Write the digits in the millions period in the whole number 947,321,876,528.

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Q 204Q 204

Write the digits for the given period (group) in each whole number. See Example 3.
3,561,435 millions thousands ones
Example

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Q 205Q 205

Write the digits for the given period (group) in each whole number. See Example 3.
100,258,100,006 billions millions thousands ones
Example

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Q 206Q 206

Do you think the fact that humans have four fingers and a thumb on each hand explains why we use a number system based on ten digits Explain.

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Q 207Q 207

The decimal system uses ten digits. Fingers and toes are often referred to as digits. In your opinion, is there a relationship here Explain.

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True False

Q 208Q 208

Answer true or false for each statement.
The number 23,115 is written in words as twentythree thousand and one hundred and fifteen.

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Q 209Q 209

Answer true or false for each statement.
The number 37,886 is written in words as thirtyseven thousand, eight hundred eighty-six.

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Q 210Q 210

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
Write each number in words. See Examples 1 and 2.
346,009 three hundred forty six ---, ---
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 211Q 211

Write each number in words. See Examples 1 and 2.
218,033 two hundred eighteen ---, thirty- --
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 214Q 214

Write each number using digits. See Example 1.
sixty-three thousand, one hundred sixty-three
Example 1

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Q 215Q 215

Write each number using digits. See Example 1.
ninety-five thousand, one hundred eleven
Example 1

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Q 216Q 216

Write each number using digits. See Example 1.
ten million, two hundred twenty-three
Example 1

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Q 218Q 218

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
There are three million, two hundred thousand parachute jumps in the United States each year. ( Source: History Channel.)
Example 1

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Q 219Q 219

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
A full-grown caterpillar is 27,000 times its birth size. A 9-pound human baby growing at the same rate would weigh two hundred forty-three thousand pounds by college graduation. ( Source: Spirit Magazine.)
Example 1

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Q 220Q 220

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
The number of cans of Pepsi Cola sold each day is fifty million, fifty-one thousand, five hundred seven. ( Source: Andy Rooney, 60 Minutes.)
Example 1

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Q 221Q 221

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
In the United States we drink one hundred forty-six billion, three hundred eighty-five million cups of coffee every year. ( Source: Spirit Magazine.)
Example 1

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Q 222Q 222

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
There are fifty-four million, seven hundred fifty thousand Hot Wheels sold each year. ( Source: Andy Rooney, 60 Minutes.)
Example 1

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Q 223Q 223

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
A middle-income family will typically spend two hundred twenty-one thousand dollars to raise a child to the age of eighteen. ( Source: Los Angeles Times.)
Example 1

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Q 224Q 224

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
Rewrite eight hundred trillion, six hundred twentyone million, twenty thousand, two hundred fifteen by using digits.
Example 1

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Q 225Q 225

Write the numbers from each sentence using digits. See Example 1.
Rewrite 2,153,896,448, the number of vehicles that have crossed the Gloden Gate Bridge, in words.
Example 1

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Q 226Q 226

The table at the right shows various ways people get to work. Use the table to answer Exercises. See Example 1.
Which method of transportation is least used Write the number in words.
Example 1

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Q 227Q 227

The table at the right shows various ways people get to work. Use the table to answer Exercises. See Example 1.
Which method of transportation is most used Write the number in words.
Example 1

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Q 228Q 228

The table at the right shows various ways people get to work. Use the table to answer Exercises. See Example 1.
Find the number of people who walk to work or work at home, and write it in words.
Example 1

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Q 229Q 229

The table at the right shows various ways people get to work. Use the table to answer Exercises. See Example 1.
Find the number of people who carpool, and write it in words.
Example 1

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Q 230Q 230

Determine which answers are correct or incorrect.
Add. See Examples 1 3.
Add. See Examples 1 3.
Examples 1
Examples 2
Examples 3

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Q 241Q 241

Determine whether the following additions are correct or incorrect.
517 + 131 + 250 = 1098

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Q 242Q 242

Determine whether the following additions are correct or incorrect.
1251 + 4311 + 2114 = 7686

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Q 243Q 243

Determine whether the following additions are correct or incorrect.
3241 + 1513 + 2014 = 6768

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Q 290Q 290

Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 291Q 291

Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Multiple Choice

Q 292Q 292

Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Multiple Choice

Q 293Q 293Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 294Q 294Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 295Q 295Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 296Q 296Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 297Q 297Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 298Q 298Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 299Q 299Check each addition. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1 and 2

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Q 300Q 300

Explain the commutative property of addition in your own words. How is this used when checking an addition problem

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Q 301Q 301

Explain the associative property of addition. How can this be used when adding columns of numbers

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Q 302Q 302

For Exercises use the map to find the shortest route between each pair of cities. See Examples 1 and 2
Southtown and Rena
Southtown to Thomasville 21 miles
Thomasville to Rena +12 miles
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 303Q 303

For Exercises use the map to find the shortest route between each pair of cities. See Examples 1 and 2
Elk Hill and Oakton
Elk Hill to Thomasville 18 miles
Thomasville to Oakton +17 miles
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 304Q 304

For Exercises use the map to find the shortest route between each pair of cities. See Examples 1 and 2
Thomasville and Murphy
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 305Q 305

For Exercises use the map to find the shortest route between each pair of cities. See Examples 1 and 2
Murphy and Thomasville
Example 1
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Q 306Q 306

Solve each application problem.
The Twin Lakes Food Bank raised $3482 at a flea market and $12,860 at their annual auction. Find the total amount raised at these two events.

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Q 307Q 307

Solve each application problem.
A ballpark vendor sold 185 hot dogs and 129 hamburgers. What was the total number of items sold

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Q 308Q 308

Solve each application problem.
There are 413 women and 286 men on the sales staff. How many people are on the sales staff

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Q 309Q 309

Solve each application problem.
One department in an office building has 283 employees while another department has 218 employees. How many employees are in the two departments

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Q 310Q 310

Solve each application problem.
This semester there are 13,786 students enrolled in on-campus day classes, 3497 students enrolled in night classes, and 2874 student's enrolled in on-line classes. Find the total number of students enrolled.

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Q 311Q 311

Solve each application problem.
The number of tornadoes in each of the last 7 years has been 887, 223, 465, 683, 597, 214 and 1817. Find the total number of tornadoes in this 7-year period. ( Source: Storm Prediction Center.)

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Q 312Q 312

Solve each problem involving perimeter. See Example.
Find the total distance around a lot that has been developed as a go-cart track.
Example

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Q 313Q 313

Solve each problem involving perimeter. See Example 1.
Because of heavy snowfall this winter, Maria needs to put new rain gutters around her entire roof. How many feet of gutters will she need
Example

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Q 314Q 314

Solve each problem involving perimeter. See Example 1.
Martin plans to frame his back patio with redwood lumber. How many feet of lumber will he need
Example

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Q 315Q 315

Solve each problem involving perimeter. See Example 1.
The university agriculture department is expanding the size of its experimental farm and wants to fence the area around the farm. How many meters of fencing will be needed
Example

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Q 316Q 316

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Write the largest four-digit number possible using the digits 4, 1, 9, and 2. Use each digit once.

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Q 317Q 317

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Using the digits 4, 1, 9, and 2, write the smallest four-digit number possible. Use each digit once.

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Q 318Q 318

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Write the largest five-digit number possible using the digits 6, 2, and 7. Use each digit at least once.

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Q 319Q 319

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Using the digits 6, 2, and 7, write the smallest fivedigit number possible. Use each digit at least once.

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Q 320Q 320

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Write the largest seven-digit number possible using the digits 4, 3, and 9. Use each digit at least twice.

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Q 321Q 321

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Using the digits 4, 3, and 9, write the smallest sevendigit number possible. Use each digit at least twice.

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Q 322Q 322

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Explain your rule or procedure for writing the largest number in Exercise.
Exercise.
Write the largest seven-digit number possible using the digits 4, 3, and 9. Use each digit at least twice.

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Q 323Q 323

Recall the place values of digits discussed in Section 1.1 and work Exercises in order.
Explain your rule or procedure for writing the smallest number in Exercise.
Exercise.
Using the digits 4, 3, and 9, write the smallest sevendigit number possible. Use each digit at least twice.

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Q 329Q 329

Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
Example 1
Example 2

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Q 330Q 330

Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Example 2

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Q 331Q 331

Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 332Q 332Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 333Q 333Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 334Q 334Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 335Q 335Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 336Q 336Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 337Q 337Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 338Q 338Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 339Q 339Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 340Q 340Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 341Q 341Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 342Q 342Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 343Q 343Work each subtraction problem. Use addition to check each answer. See Examples 1 and 2.
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Q 344Q 344

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 345Q 345

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 346Q 346

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 347Q 347Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 348Q 348Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 349Q 349Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 350Q 350Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 351Q 351Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 352Q 352Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 353Q 353Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is not correct, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 354Q 354

Underline the correct answer.
In subtraction, regrouping is necessary when the digit in the ( minuend/subtrahend ) is less value than the digit in the subtrahend which is directly ( above/below ) it.

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Q 391Q 391

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
To avoid errors when solving math problems, it's a good idea to __________ your work.

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Q 392Q 392

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
When checking the accuracy of an answer to an addition problem, you can use _________.

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Q 393Q 393

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
An answer to a subtraction problem may be checked using __________.

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Q 394Q 394

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 395Q 395

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 396Q 396

Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 397Q 397Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 398Q 398Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 399Q 399Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 400Q 400Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 401Q 401Use addition to check each subtraction problem. If an answer is incorrect, find the correct answer. See Example.
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Q 402Q 402

An addition problem can be changed to a subtraction problem and a subtraction problem can be changed to an addition problem. Give two examples of each to demonstrate this.

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Q 404Q 404

Solve each application problem. See Example.
A man burns 187 calories during 60 minutes of sitting at a computer while a woman burns 140 calories at the same activity. How many fewer calories does a woman burn than a man in 60 minutes ( Source: www.cookinglight.com)
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Q 405Q 405

Solve each application problem. See Example.
A woman burns 302 calories during an hour of walking, while a man burns 403 calories doing the same activity. How many more calories does a man burn than a woman during an hour of walking ( Source: www.cookinglight.com)
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Q 406Q 406

Solve each application problem. See Example.
In April 2011, there were 612 tornadoes, shattering the old record of 543. How many more tornadoes were there than the old record number ( Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheres Administration.)
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Q 407Q 407

Solve each application problem. See Example.
With an estimated 327 deaths, the tornado outbreak in April 2011 was the third deadliest on record, behind 747 deaths in April 1925 and 332 deaths in April 1932. How many more deaths were there in the deadliest tornado outbreak than in the tornado outbreak of April 2011 ( Source: Accu Weather.)
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Q 408Q 408

Solve each application problem. See Example.
The top of each main tower of the Golden Gate Bridge is 746 feet above the water and 500 feet above the roadway. How far above the water is the roadway ( Source: gocalifornia.about.com)
746 feet above water
Example
-500 feet above roadway

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Q 409Q 409

Solve each application problem. See Example.
In a recent three-month period there were 81,465 Ford Explorers and 70,449 Jeep Grand Cherokees sold. Which vehicle had greater sales By how much ( Source: J. D. Power and Associates.)
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Q 410Q 410

Solve each application problem. See Example.
Six years ago there were 6970 bridge and locktender jobs across the United States. Today there are 3700 that remain. How many of these jobs have been eliminated ( Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.)
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Q 411Q 411

Solve each application problem. See Example.
In 1964, its first year on the market, the Ford Mustang sold for $2500. In 2013, the Ford Mustang sold for $28,065. Find the increase in price. ( Source: eBay.)
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Q 412Q 412

Solve each application problem. See Example.
Patriot Flag Company manufactured 14,608 U.S. flags and sold 5069. How many flags remain unsold
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Q 413Q 413

Solve each application problem. See Example.
Eye exams have been given to 14,679 children in the school district. If there are 23,156 students in the school district, how many have not received eye exams
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Q 414Q 414

Solve each application problem. See Example.
The Jordanos now pay rent of $650 per month. If they buy a house, their housing expense will be $913 per month. How much more will they pay per month if they buy a house
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Q 415Q 415

Solve each application problem. See Example.
A retired couple who used to receive a Social Security payment of $1479 per month now receives $1568 per month. Find the amount of the monthly increase.
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Q 416Q 416

Solve each application problem. See Example.
The distance from New York City to Buenos Aires, Argentina is 5299 miles, while the distance from Los Angeles to Dublin, Ireland is 5158 miles. How much further is one trip than the other ( Source: Map Crow Travel Calculator, mapcrow info)
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Q 417Q 417

Solve each application problem. See Example.
In the year 2020 it is predicted that we will need 2,820,000 nurses in the United States, while only 1,810,000 nurses will be available. Find the shortage in the number of nurses. ( Source: American Hospital Association.)
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Q 418Q 418

Solve each application problem. Add or subtract as necessary.
This year there were 264,311 hip replacement procedures in the United States. If 125,423 of the patients were 65 years of age or older, how many patients were under age 65 ( Source: Federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.)

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Q 419Q 419

Solve each application problem. Add or subtract as necessary.
This year there were 555,800 knee surgeries performed in the United States. The number of knee surgeries performed six years ago was 328,900. How many more of these surgeries were performed this year than six years ago ( Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.)

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Q 420Q 420

SUBWAY promotes healthy food choices by offering eight sandwiches that are low in fat. The nutritional information, printed on every SUBWAY napkin, appears below and includes information to answer Exercises (Source: SUBWAY.)
How many fewer calories and grams of fat are in a 6-inch Veggie Delite sandwich than a Big Mac

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Q 421Q 421

SUBWAY promotes healthy food choices by offering eight sandwiches that are low in fat. The nutritional information, printed on every SUBWAY napkin, appears below and includes information to answer Exercises (Source: SUBWAY.)
How many fewer calories and grams of fat are in a 6-inch Turkey Breast and Black Forest Ham sandwich than a Whopper

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Q 422Q 422

SUBWAY promotes healthy food choices by offering eight sandwiches that are low in fat. The nutritional information, printed on every SUBWAY napkin, appears below and includes information to answer Exercises (Source: SUBWAY.)
Find the total number of calories and grams of fat in an Oven Roasted Chicken sandwich with mustard and olive oil.

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Q 423Q 423

SUBWAY promotes healthy food choices by offering eight sandwiches that are low in fat. The nutritional information, printed on every SUBWAY napkin, appears below and includes information to answer Exercises (Source: SUBWAY.)
A customer ate two sandwiches, one with the least calories and one with the most calories. Find the total number of calories and grams of fat in the two sandwiches.

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Q 424Q 424

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
In a chain multiplication, if you multiply by the largest number first, rather than the smallest number first, the product will always be ________.

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Q 425Q 425

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
The property described in Exercise is the _________ property of multiplication.
Exercise
In a chain multiplication, if you multiply by the largest number first, rather than the smallest number first, the product will always be ________.

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Q 426Q 426

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
When you multiply any number by zero, the answer is always __________.

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Q 427Q 427

Fill in each blank with the correct response.
When you multiply a whole number by 10, by 100 or by 1000, you can get the answer by attaching one, two, or three ________ to the ________ of the whole number.

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Q 436Q 436

Explain in your own words the commutative property of multiplication. How do the commutative properties of addition and multiplication compare to each other

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Q 437Q 437

Explain in your own words the associative property of multiplication. How do the associative properties of addition and multiplication compare to each other

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