Fundamentals of Nursing
Quiz 47 :
Nutrition is defined as the relationship of a biological system with the food that it consumes. Nutrition involves the metabolic cascades of the corresponding biological system and the organic molecules that produce energy. These energy producing organic substances are called nutrients. Maintaining proper nutrition level in the body is most vital for health and survival. Mrs. Santini has experienced personal loss due to the death of her husband a month ago. This loss has promoted emotional upset and tiredness, which in turn has led to physical fatigue and boredom. She reports that she has lost interests in the regular physical and social activities as evidenced by the cessation of routine swimming practice and loss of contact with the couple's bridge group. She also reports that she rarely cooks a proper meal and mainly lives on snacks while watching television. The loss of regular physical activities like swimming and social contacts has led to physical and mental fatigue and depression for Mrs. Santini, which in turn has increased her intake of snacks and other junk foods. Besides, watching television in a sitting position for most of the time also contributes to her excessive weight gain.
The body mass index or BMI is a numeric value derived from the weight and height of an individual. It can be defined as the division of the body mass by the square of the height of the body. It is expressed in kilograms/meter 2. A particular range depicts the category where our health lies based on BMI. If it ranges between 0-16, it is termed as underweight. If it lies between 16 and 25, it is normal. A range of 25 to 30 is overweight. Hence, the options 1, 3 and 4 are incorrect. For the given data, the client has a BMI of 35. It comes under the category of obese (above 30 is considered as obese or overweight). The client is moderately obese and needs to reduce his weight on an emergency basis to improve his health. Hence, the correct answer is option .
Nutrition is defined as the relationship of a biological system with the food that it consumes. Nutrition involves the metabolic cascades of the corresponding biological system and the organic molecules that produce energy. These energy producing organic substances are called nutrients. Maintaining proper nutrition level in the body is most vital for health and survival. In order to design an effective care plan for Mrs. Santini, the nurse should collect the following additional information regarding the client's present diet: 1. Whether Mrs. Santini takes any vitamin supplements with her meals, because additional vitamin supplementary will cause an adverse effect on the client's metabolism. 2. Whether Mrs. Santini takes alcohol regularly or occasionally as alcohol can potentially contribute to hyperlipidemia, which is the primary precipitating factor for several cardiac and cerebral diseases.