Quiz 19: Complementary and Alternative Healing Modalities

Nursing

In the given case, Tim Le is an old patient of 68 years. He was diagnosed with cancer (gastric) and had so much weight loss before the diagnosis. He has been treated with radiation and chemotherapy. Later, he was admitted in hospital with weakness and pain which has prevented him to work and perform daily activities. His wife cares and stays with him most of the time. There are two basic types of therapies, such as traditional therapies and alternative therapies. Traditional therapies taught in schools include practices to heal the wound which were used by the doctors in hospitals. Alternative therapies included those practices which were not taught and also were not used frequently by the doctors in hospitals. In the given case, nurse can suggest alternative therapies for the patient as there is no improvement found with chemotherapy and radiation. Chemotherapy and radiations are practiced in hospitals for the treatment of various types of cancer.They are included in traditional therapies. Some of the alternative therapies include homeopathy, ayurveda, naturopathy, acupuncture, acupressure and aromatherapy. The nurse can explain the benefits of alternative medicines and therapies over traditional therapy,which can include the following: 1. It is considered safe compared to the traditional therapy and unsafe only in the case of severe conditions. 2. As it uses wide range of therapies, treatments and products, the positive results can be obtained easier compared to that of traditional therapies. 3. Alternative medicine focuses on whole-body care, rather than treating a particular disease. 4. It also focuses on prevention of diseases before the occurrence along with the current health condition.

There are two basic types of therapies, that is, traditional and alternative therapies. Traditional therapies include the healing practices which are taught in medical schools and are used by doctors in hospitals. Alternative therapies are the healing practices which are not taught in medical schools and are not frequently used by doctors in hospitals. Alternative therapies are not effective for wide range of conditions. It is based on traditional therapies for most of the cases. It takes holistic approach to health and explores the interaction between mind, body and spirit. It is mostly used along with traditional therapies. Effectiveness of alternative therapies is usually unproved or impossible to prove because it lacks scientific validation. In contrast, effectiveness of the traditional therapies is proved using scientific methods. Thus, alternative therapies are less effective than traditional therapies. Traditional methods are based on theories and experiences, but its cost is very high compared to alternative therapies. On the other hand, alternative therapies are based on religion, tradition, superstitious belief and pseudoscience. However, both the therapies use nature, such as herbs. Hence, the options 2, 3 and 4 are incorrect. Alternative therapies are widely accepted and are used by many individual cultures. They include acupuncture and acupressure, chiropractic and massage therapy. These therapies focus on the person as a whole, and not just on the symptoms or condition. These therapies are accepted widely due to its lower cost and side effects of the prescribed drugs in traditional therapy. Hence, the correct answer is option img .

In the given case, Tim Le, a 68 year old patient, has been diagnosed with gastric cancer and has lost so much weight before the diagnosis. He has been treated with radiation and chemotherapy. Later, he was admitted in hospital with weakness and pain which has prevented him to work and perform daily activities. His wife cares and stays with him most of the time. The treatment of cancer using chemotherapy and radiation comes under traditional therapy. In the given case, Tim Le is being treated with chemotherapy and radiation, which resulted in more pain and weakness. Wife of the patient spend most of the time with him and also his parents visits him regularly. Some of the alternative therapies appropriate for the given patient and family can be as follows: 1. Acupuncture can be more effective for the patient to relieve cancer pain resulting from chemotherapy and radiation. 2. Stress of the patient's family can be reduced by meditation which ease the mind and relax the body. 3. Hypnotherapy can be used for both the patients and the family to gain self-control and to improve self-esteem. 4. Guided imagery stimulates changes in the body functions, including gastrointestinal motility and secretions, and decreases pain related to treatment and disorders. 5. Spirituality therapy, such as faith and prayer, can also help to promote healing, health and reduce the illness.

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