Quiz 10: Critical Thinking and Clinical Reasoning


In critical thinking, it is important to ask or pose the questions to ourselves for proper analysis of the problem. In the given case, a client has a history of irritable bowel syndrome, which affects the intestines. The patient has again complained about not feeling good. In such a case, recurrence of the disease is possible. Therefore, one should conclude only after asking questions about all the possibilities. Following questions can help to critically analyze the case: 1. Are the signs of discomfort associated with minor disorders? 2. Can irritable bowel syndrome reoccur? 3. How can one confirm the possible recurrence of the disease? The questions can be answered through the internet sources, medical literature, or general knowledge. If one finds the response to the first two questions as positive, then tit is required to find the answer to the third question.

Patient has suffered from diarrhea. Primary care provider has ordered a bulk laxative. Primary care provider has passed a statement without realizing that there are some types of diarrhea which can be treated with bulk laxatives has passed a statement that the healthcare has no idea about the patient's condition. Nurse has written the statement in a manner that it could not be a judgment or opinion. It would have been a judgment or opinion if the statement would have been like laxative would make diarrhea worse and hence should not be given. Prescription of the disease and the disease can be considered as facts rather than a statement or any order which is passed without listening to the other healthcare. Statement which may or may not be right can never be a fact. Hence, the options 1, 3 and 4 are incorrect. Nurse inferred and concluded. This conclusion was based on incomplete information. It may be or may not be accurate. It is a type of sentence which provides the conclusion that is the overall result with or without looking at the background information. Hence, the correct answer is option img .

Critical thinker must cultivate an attitude of confidence in the reasoning process and examine emotional arguments by asking questions about the validity of one's thinking. One needs to analyze the following questions that challenge the critical thinking: 1. "Is the argument fair?" 2. "Is it based on the facts and evidences?" If one is confident in the answers to such questions, then the thinking will be right, most of the times. Therefore, it demonstrates the confidence in the reasoning in this case. These answers can be answered by a critical thinker if he/she thoroughly researches the possible other explanations, counter-arguments, and supporting data. Then he/she should use his inductive and deductive reasoning to correlate and analyse all the information to the possible hypothesis or explanation. The second answer will be automatically understood if a critical thinker has used reasoning based critical thinking.

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