Quiz 13: Therapies


Trepanning is a surgical process of drilling a hole in someone's head in order to treat health problems. Exorcism is the religious practice of purportedly evicting demons from a person. Unconscious transference is not related to the possessions by demons. Hence, the options (b), (c), and (d) are incorrect. Ergot poisoning is a type of illness caused by ingestion of alkaloids produced by the fungi Claviceps purpurea. Excessive exposure to this poisoning causes ergotism. Previously scientists had no idea about the ergot poisoning that might be responsible for the terrible possessions like psychological symptoms by demons. But later on a scientific explanation cracked the relativeness of such symptoms to the ergot poisoning. Hence, the correct option is (a) ergot poisoning.

Free association is a technique used in psychoanalytic therapy to assist patients to learn more about what they think and feel. The main goal of this therapy is to identify genuine thoughts and feelings about problematic situations. Psychological resistance is the phenomenon in which patients directly or indirectly restrict themselves to share or discuss their problems and oppose changing their behaviour. Transference is a phenomenon of redirecting feelings from one person to another. All the above given examples of psychoanalytic concepts. Hence, the options (a), (b), and (c) are incorrect. Storytelling is not a psychoanalytic concept. Hence, the exception is option (d) storytelling.

Spontaneous remission by definition itself is a spontaneous healing process, so the options such as prescription of medication, experience, and suddenness of life changes are not suitable to define the term. Hence, the options (a), (c), and (d) are incorrect. Spontaneous remission, also called spontaneous healing is a significant improvement or cure shown by a patient who is suffering from physical or mental illness. Some of the mental problem can get better by spontaneous remission when time passes. Hence, the correct option is (b) passage of time.

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