Psychology Study Set 21

Psychology

Quiz 12 :

Psychological Disorders

Quiz 12 :

Psychological Disorders

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The stress-vulnerability model of psychosis explains mental disorders as a product of environmental stresses and
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Psychological trauma refers to the injury or shock that results from violence, abuse, neglect, separation anxiety, and so forth. Most often, victims of certain psychological disorders are exposed to violence; both domestic and external. The prevailing negative emotions in the sufferers lead to psychological trauma.
Deviant communication means to allude someone in a conflict. It leads to anxiety, confusion, and anger. Disturbed families generally make allusions which lead to emotional attacks.
Exposure to the flu virus during pregnancy has little effect on the baby's health. The mother's womb is relatively sterile and protects the baby from the pathogen attack.
Hence, the options (a), (b), and (c) are not the correct answers.
The stress-vulnerability model states that psychotic disorders result from environmental stress and heredity. It states that the chemicals that bring about change in the brain structure during stress are controlled by the hereditary factors.
Hence, the correct answer is (d) heredity.

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Paranoid psychosis is the most common type of a. catatonic schizophrenia b. delusional disorder c. personality disorder d. dementia
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Which of the following is NOT a type of personality disorder?
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According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM) - IV, schizoid is classified under the personality disorders of high impairment. The Schizoid affected persons feel no emotions. They cannot form close personal relations.
According to DSM-IV, borderline is classified under the personality disorders of severe impairment. Persons who are affected suffer from erratic self-image, moods, and impulses. They are intolerant to criticism, rejection, or negligence of others.
According to DSM-IV, dependent is classified under the personality disorders of moderate impairment. Affected individuals are diffident, extremely submissive, and dependent on others.
Hence, the options (a), (b), and (d) are not the correct answers.
Neurotic is not a personality disorder. It is an anxiety disorder in which persons are unable to control their anxiety. Psychologically, it is defined as a state in which the ego struggles to control id impulses.
Hence, the correct answer is (c) neurotic.

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When prolonged unemployment, a bad marriage, or physical illness pushes a person beyond his or her ability to cope, it is most likely that which of the following problems will occur?
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The main feature of abnormal behavior is that it is
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Which of the following is not a psychiatric concept?
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The risk that a person may atte Mpt suicide is greatest if the person has
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Biochemical explanations of schizophrenia have focused on excessive amounts of _________ in the brain.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the subtypes of schizophrenia?
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According to the __________ view, anxiety disorders are the end result of a faulty self-image.
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A person who is impulsive, dishonest, emotionally cold, and manipulative may suffer from
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The fact that lithium carbonate is effective in treating some cases of bipolar depression suggests that the causes of bipolar disorders are at least partly _______________.
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In North America, the most widely used standard for classifying mental disorders is the a. ICD b. Schedule of Personality Dysfunctions c. DSM d. Psychiatrist's Desk Reference
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Depression that occurs only in the winter is likely to be classified as
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Bipolar disorders that are not too severe are called
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People are said to have "retreated from reality" when they suffer from a. psychotic disorders b. mood disorders c. somatoform disorders d. personality disorders
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Like amok and susto, bulimia may be a
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Delusions and hallucinations are most characteristic of
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Agoraphobia is most often a feature of
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A person who has periods of extreme mania suffers from a. a somatoform disorder b. a mood disorder c. an anxiety disorder d. a neurosis
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