Quiz 12: Psychological Disorders

Psychology

The abnormal behavior is a part of psychology, in which people have cognitive, emotional and behavioral abnormalities or problems. The three main perspectives or features of abnormal behavior are as follows: • Cognitions (distorted thoughts) • Distressing • Maladaptive (self-defeating) • Disturbing (socially unacceptable) Based on the social-cultural perspective people learn cultural and social context form community or family. For example, bulimia nervosa and Anorexia nervosa are major abnormal social-cultural perspectives. So, abnormal behavior is statistically unusual, socially nonconforming and uncomfortable, but these are not the main features of abnormal behavior. Thus, the options (a), (b) and (c) are incorrect. A maladaptation is defined as a character which is more destructive than supportive. It can be viewed in a group or an individual. So, the chief feature of abnormal behavior is that is maladaptive. Thus, the correct option is (d).

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