Quiz 11: Health, Stress, and Coping

Psychology

A health factor is something that influences the health of a person. Health factor can be a behavior, a situation, a condition, or an environment that influence a person's health. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. Personalities are individual's biological and genetic make-up that leaves a person either naturally immune or prone to a disease. People with strong immune responses are generally less prone to infections, whereas disease-prone personalities are easily prone to infections. However, personalities are not actions that keep a person at the risk of infections. Hence, the option (b) is not correct. Habits are regular actions that are difficult to break. Good health habits like daily exercise, intake of healthy food, are said to reduce the risk of diseases. However, they cannot be claimed to keep diseases away from a person. They only reduce the risk of diseases. Hence, the option (d) is not correct. Risk factors are actions that make a person easily prone to diseases, injury, or early death. The actions like smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity due to poor food habits, are all considered as risk factors. Reckless driving, indulgence in violence, disregarding personal safety, risky sexual practices, and drug abuses also come under risk factors. Hence, the correct answer is (c) risk factors.

The term 'emotion-focused' refers to the efforts to control emotional reactions to the situation. The efforts are generally aimed at distracting oneself by listening to music, or seeking emotional support from others. It is an effort to manage an emotional situation, but not a personality type. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. The term problem-focused refers to the efforts that aim at managing or correcting the distressing situation. Here, the focus is on correcting the situation, but not the mood or emotion. Persons may make a plan of action to fix the problem or situation that is distressing. Hence, the option (b) is not correct. SRRS (Social Readjustment Rating Scale) is a rating scale developed by Richard Rahe and Thomas Holmes, to estimate the health hazards a person faces while stressed up. The scale assesses the extent a person is prone to health hazards based on certain disturbing life events. Each event is given a rank in terms of life change events. Hence, the option (c) is not correct. Based on the study of the cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman, people are classified into two types of personalities. They are Type-A and Type-B personalities. Type-A persons are defined to be hard working, ambitious, highly competitive, achievement oriented, and striving. However, these people also feel constant frustration, anger, and hostility, which make them prone to heart attack. Hence, the correct answer is (d) Type A.

The term 'emotion-focused' refers to the efforts to control emotional reactions to the situation. The efforts are generally aimed at distracting oneself by listening to music, or seeking emotional support from others. It is an effort to manage an emotional situation, but not a personality type. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. The term problem-focused refers to the efforts that aim at managing or correcting the distressing situation. Here, the focus is on correcting the situation, but not the mood or emotion. Persons may make a plan of action to fix the problem or situation that is distressing. Hence, the option (b) is not correct. SRRS (Social Readjustment Rating Scale) is a rating scale developed by Richard Rahe and Thomas Holmes, to estimate the health hazards a person faces while stressed up. The scale assesses the extent a person is prone to health hazards based on certain disturbing life events. Each event is given a rank in terms of life change events. Hence, the option (c) is not correct. Based on the study of the cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman, people are classified into two types of personalities. They are Type-A and Type-B personalities. Type-A persons are defined to be hard working, ambitious, highly competitive, achievement oriented, and striving. However, these people also feel constant frustration, anger, and hostility, which make them prone to heart attack. Hence, the correct answer is (d) Type A.