Quiz 10: Personality
The temperament of a person refers to innate characters like adaptability, intensity, mood, and distractibility. This faculty of a person relates to self-regulation and reactivity of a person. Temperament is only one of the faculties of one's personality. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. Extroversion refers to the quality of boldness. An extrovert is outgoing person and is open to new ideas. Extroversion describes only a part of a person's character. Hence, the option (c) is not correct. Self-esteem is a quality of positive evaluation of oneself. Self-esteemed persons are confident, proud, and self-respecting. Self-esteem alone cannot describe the complete personality of a person. Hence, the option (d) is not correct. The term personality, in general sense, is used to describe the character of a person. Though these two are different aspects, the terms are used interchangeably to evaluate a person as having positive qualities. Hence, the correct answer is (b) character.
The five personality dimension evaluation helps to compare the personalities of two people and to rate them. This type of evaluation helps the psychologists/individuals to categorize persons/themselves according to the rating of their evaluation. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. A stable self-concept is useful for a person to understand his own personality. It cannot describe the personality type of a person. Hence, the option (b) is not correct. A source trait is helpful to differentiate between central and secondary personality traits. A source trait can be expressed as a number of surface traits. The use of these traits is useful to compare individual personalities. Hence, the option (d) is not correct. Personality of a person can be evaluated from evaluation of small number of specific traits. Trait theories analyze, classify, and interrelated traits. Hence, the correct answer is option (c) several specific traits.
Common traits are characters shared by most members of a culture. Common traits give information about similarity of people belonging to a particular culture. These traits were not used by Raymond Cattell. Hence, the option (a) is not correct. Cardinal traits are a small number of basic traits that can be used to trace the personality of an individual. These traits were used by Allport to differentiate among different traits. Hence, the option (c) is not correct. Trait-situation interaction refers to the influence that situations or circumstances have on the expression of personality traits. The theory of trait-situation interaction was used by Bowers and Ekeham, but not Paymond Cattell. Hence, the option (d) is not correct. Raymond Cattell used certain features to study personality, based on visible features. The features he studied were called surface traits. He further identified clusters of the surface traits, and called them source traits. He identified 16 source traits to be the core of every individual's personality. Therefore, the correct answer is (b) source traits.