Psychology Study Set 21

Psychology

Quiz 10 :

Personality

Quiz 10 :

Personality

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Carl Rogers believed that personal growth is encouraged when conditions of worth are replaced by
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Self-efficacy is the ability to produce a desired result or achieve what one desires. The environment a person choses and the activity of a person depends on the desired results one wants to produce. Self-efficacy is not related to personality functioning.
Hence, the option (a) is not correct.
The word instrumental worth refers to goal-directed behavior. It means a person shall be aggressive to prepare himself to achieve the specified goals. Generally, boys in the United States are encouraged to have instrumental behavior.
Hence, the option (b) is not correct.
Latency is a period described by Freud, when there is an interruption in the psychosexual development during childhood. It is a quiet time compared to other stages of early childhood development.
Hence, the option (c) is not correct.
Organismic valuing is a full-body reaction to an experience. It is an experience based development of a person's intuitive ability to make his own decisions; and make judgements based on his own views. Organismic valuing process defines to set goals according to one's own values and needs' but not based on the expectation of friends, family, or the society.
When a person learns organismic valuing, conditions of worth are replaced by this valuing, and this encourages personal growth.
Hence, the correct answer is (d) organismic valuing.

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Which MMPI-2 scale is designed to detect phobias and compulsive actions?
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Hysteria is the MMPI - 2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - 2) subscale used to detect the presence of physical complaints for which no physical basis can be established.
Hence, the option (a) is not correct.
Paranoia is the MMPI - 2 subscale used to detect extreme suspiciousness and feeling of persecution.
Hence, the option (b) is not correct.
Mania is the MMPI - 2 subscale used to detect emotional excitability, manic moods or behavior, and excessive activity.
Hence, the option (d) is not correct.
Psychasthenia is the MMPI - 2 subscale used to detect the presence of obsessive worries, irrational fear or phobias, and compulsive actions.
Hence, the correct answer is (c) psychastehnia.

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Which of the following items DOES NOT belong with the others?
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The Rorschach technique or ink-blot technique is a projective test that uses 10 standardized inkblots. The person to be tested is shown the individual blots and asked to describe what he or she sees in it. The person is not asked to provide self-information.
Hence, the option (a) is not correct.
The Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT) analyses a person using 20 sketches, various scenes and life situations. The person is asked to make up a story about the people in the sketches he is shown. Personal information of the person is not collected in the test.
Hence, the option (b) is not correct.
Projective testing involves presenting a person with an ambiguous stimulus and asking him to make up stories about them. An unstructured stimulus also is presented, the organization if this unstructured stimulus is used to assess the person's psychology. The person is not asked for his personal information.
Hence, the option (d) is not correct.
The MMPI - 2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - 2) includes 567 statements which relates to the person. The person taking the test has to answer either "true' or "false." The test directly assesses a person based on his own qualities, and not on how he responds to a situation.
Hence, the correct answer is (c) MMPI - 2

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Contrary to what many people think, shyness is NOT related to
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By definition, a test that measures what it claims to measure is
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Freud stated that the mind functions on three levels: the conscious, the unconscious, and the
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The halo effect can be a serious problem in accurate personality assessment that is based on
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Which of the following is an objective personality questionnaire?
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According to Freud, which division of personality is governed by the reality principle?
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Shy persons tend to consider their social anxiety to be a
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When someone's personality has been evaluated , we are making a judgment about his or her
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The situational determinants of our actions are of special interest and importance to
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Situational testing is primarily an example of using ______________ to assess personality.
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Maslow thought of peak experiences as temporary moments of
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Which of the following is NOT a concept of social learning theory?
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Personality theorist Raymond Cattell used factor analysis to identify 16
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Freudian theory states that a person who is passive and dependent and needs lots of attention has a fixation in the
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The research methods of _______________ have been used to study the extent to which we inherit personality characteristics.
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A personality type is usually defined by the presence of
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Which of the following is NOT one of the Big Five personality dimensions?
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