Psychology Study Set 21

Psychology

Quiz 3 :

Human Development

Quiz 3 :

Human Development

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Psychologist Diana Baumrind describes parents who enforce rigid rules and demand strict obedience as
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The parents who provide firm and consistent guidance along with love and affection are authoritative parents. Hence, option (a) is not correct.
Permissive parents provide too much freedom to child and the child is not taught to have accountability to their actions. Repressive parenting gives little freedom to child. Hence, option (b) is not correct.
Proactive-reactive parenting provides enough freedom to children, but with limitations. This type of parenting provides a positive effect on children with sufficient freedom and control over their actions and choices as and when necessary. Hence, option (c) is not correct.
Authoritarian parents impose strict conduct of behavior and demand obedience. Authoritarian parenting is less resourceful and leads to poor social skills of the children. Children mostly have lower self-esteem.
Therefore, the correct answer is (d) authoritarian.

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According to Piaget, a child's mastery of conservation occurs during the
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Formal operational stage starts at about 11 years of age. Children start thinking about abstract principles, become self-reflective about their thoughts, and become less egocentric. This is the age they prepare to become adolescents.
Preoperational stage occurs through the age of 2 to 7 years. Children have a concrete and intuitive thinking which uses little reasoning and logic. Children are egocentric at this stage. This age is not related to mastering conversational skills, children remain in learning stage.
Sensorimotor stage occurs in the first two years of children. Their intellectual development will be largely nonintellectual and nonverbal. AT this age, children learn to coordinate information from their senses with their motor movements. Children do not master conversational skills at this state.
Hence, the options (a), (b) and (d) are incorrect.
Between the age of 7 and 11, children have the ability of reversing thoughts. They can memorize each relationship separately. This allows them to master conversation. They begin to use the concept of time, space, and number.
Hence, the correct answer is (c) concrete operational stage.

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Early in life, the learning of basic skills is most effective when parents respect the
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Mozart effect refers to the short term improvement of the ability to perform certain mental tasks influenced by listening to music. The mental tasks where improvement is said to occur are spatial-temporal reasoning. However, no such information is provided in this context, to support the effect. Hence, option (a) is not correct.
The reactive maternal involvement is mostly concerned with a baby's social development in infancy. Hence, option (c) is not correct.
The baby's ability to imitate adult actions is not concerned with the learning of basic skills. Hence, option (d) is not correct.
The ability of a child to learn basic skills depend on the child's readiness for rapid learning. The 'readiness' is the minimum maturation required for the baby to learn the skills. Unless this maturation levels are reaches, babies cannot learn the basic skills even if they are forced to learn.
Hence, the correct answer is option (c) principle of readiness.

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Vygotsky believed that adults help children learn how to think by using a process he called
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The phenomenon of emerging adulthood teaches us that terms like adolescent or adulthood cannot be defined solely in terms of
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A clear sign that infant attachment is beginning to occur is found in the presence of
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Deprivation has an especially strong impact on development during
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Piaget believed that a child's understanding of the world grows through the mental processes of assimilation and
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A baby who turns away from his mother when she returns after a brief separation shows signs of having which type of attachment?
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Turn-taking with nonverbal signals is a first step toward
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According to Erikson, the dilemma faced by most 3- to-5-year-olds is
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In middle age, most adults experience
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Cephalocaudal and proximodistal patterns show the effects of _______________ on motor development.
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If a personal trait is controlled by a single dominant gene, the trait cannot be
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According to Kohlberg, the highest level of moral development involves being guided by
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Erikson's theory states that mature adults are best able to avoid stagnation when they express
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According to research using a looking chamber, infants begin to show a preference for complex over simple patterns within _______________ after birth.
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Meeting personal goals generally makes people
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Parents talk to young children with a raised tone of voice and an exaggerated pattern of speaking that is called
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Subjective well-being is high when people are
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