Quiz 20: Developing a 21st Century Organization
Test is critical to a project's success because it reveals any flaws in the project that were not taking into account during the initial design and analysis phase. During testing, the project is forced to operate in circumstances almost identical to the circumstances the project will be exposed to during actual usage. Thus, testing provides a way to eliminate mistakes in the project before it reaches the end-user. Many projects decide to skip testing because they are usually running short on labor or time resources. The project managers can decide to forego testing, since testing does not contribute towards an actual deliverable. In other words, since testing is not required to deliver a product, it can be skipped over. However, ignoring testing will often lead to an incomplete, error-ridden end product.
Since information technology is constantly evolving, a business should develop its IT infrastructure using a 21 st century to strategy. If this approach is not taken, then the business could simply be adopting outdated technology that is not compatible with what is currently the industry standard. Over the long-run, antiquated technology will lead to more problems than what it can solve. At the same time, failing to implement the latest approach to technology will expose the business to weaknesses that can be exploited by competitors.
Three systems developing methodologies are the SCRUM approach, the RUP methodology, and the RAD methodology. The SCRUM approach would not have been appropriate for this project since it relies on providing a working piece in software in just 30 days. This methodology would have sure been impossible to implement with a project of such massive scope. The RAD methodology, likewise, would not have worked for developing the automated baggage management system. This is because the RAD methodology requires user participation with the development of the system. It would be unfeasible to require airport visitors to test out a new baggage management system that could damage or lose their bags. The RUP methodology, which sets out to establish four gates that the project must successively pass represents the most successful methodology that could have been used for this project. The major failure in this project was that the requirements of the system were not carefully laid out at the beginning of the project. This would not have occurred if a gate system had been used to allow the project to continue passing from phase to phase, only when the requirements of the prior gate were met.