When one exercises at maximum levels, only the blood supply to the ________ is unaffected.
During the long-term response to hemorrhage, which hormone(s)prominently promote(s)fluid retention and reabsorption at the kidneys?
A)ADH and aldosterone
D)epinephrine and norepinephrine
As exercise begins, ________ occur(s)as the rate of oxygen consumption in skeletal muscles increases.
A)extensive changes in the pattern of blood distribution
C)decreased cardiac output
D)decreased venous return
In the short-term response to hemorrhage, ________ occurs.
A)decreased vasomotor activity
B)increased parasympathetic stimulation of the heart
C)increased venous return through venoconstriction
D)immediate erythropoietin activation
E)a recall of fluids from the interstitial spaces