Centers in which of the following adjust the respiratory rate and depth of respiration in response to sensory stimuli, emotional states, or speech patterns?
An increase in the of arterial blood may result in respiratory centers acting to
A)decrease the rate of breathing.
B)increase the rate of breathing.
C)decrease pulmonary ventilation.
D)increase the amount of air in the anatomic dead space.
E)decrease the vital capacity.
The adjustment of respiratory rate due to blood pressure rising and falling results from the stimulation or inhibition of the respiratory centers by sensory fibers in which cranial nerve(s)?
A)vagus (X)and accessory (XI)
C)glossopharyngeal (IX)and vagus (X)
D)vagus (X)and hypoglossal (XII)
E)glossopharyngeal (IX)and hypoglossal (XII)
Choose the correct match.
A)Hypoxia/high tissue levels in active tissues
B)Surfactant/oily secretion that keeps the bronchioles open
D)Vital capacity/sum of expiratory and inspiratory reserve volumes
E)Inflation reflex/prevents overinflation of lungs