For the Patient with a Fractured Bone That Protrudes Through
For the patient with a fractured bone that protrudes through the skin, the orthopedic surgeon chooses to expose the bone and then repair the bone using pins and plates that will remain permanently to stabilize the fracture. This type of surgery would be referred to as _____ reduction, _____ fixation.
A) closed; external
B) closed; internal
C) open; external
D) open; internal
An 88-year-old woman with severe osteoporosis is likely to display which kind of spinal deformity?
D) Spina bifida
A 69-year-old woman has a severe deformity of the hands. You suspect which of the following?
C) Rheumatoid arthritis
Which of the following muscle types are under the voluntary control of a person?